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The correlation between hemoglobin level and generalized moderate chronic periodontitis

Author: Suzan Ali سوزان علي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 85-88
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: As the periodontal tissues mount an immune inflammatory response to bacteria and their products,systemic challenge with these agents also induces a major vascular response. Certain inflammatory cytokinesproduced during periodontal inflammation, can depress erythropoietin production leading to the development ofanemia. (1) This study aimed to investigate the association between hemoglobin level and generalized moderatechronic periodontitis.Materials and Methods: Data were collected from 60 systemically healthy male of an age ranged (30-60 years old)30 of them with generalized moderate chronic periodontitis (CAL =3-4 mm at ≥ 30% of sites) and 30 of them withhealthy periodontium as control group. Full mouth examinations (excluding third molars) were conducted for allpatients. Four sites were examined for each tooth (buccal, lingual, mesial and distal). Plaque index (PI) (2) ,GingivalIndex(GI) (3) , bleeding on probing index (BOP) (4), Probing Pocket depths (PPD), and Clinical attachment level (CAL)were recorded using a marked periodontal probe (Williams probe) and measurement of hemoglobin (Hb)concentration in the blood by colorimetric cyanomethemoglobin method(22)Results: Mean of hemoglobin level was (12.527) for the study group whiles its (14.72) for the control group, highlysignificant differences were apparent between the two groups regarding the hemoglobin level (P- value P<0.01).About the Correlation between the hemoglobin level and the periodontal parameters, the PLI, CAL scores werepositively but non-significantly associated with the hemoglobin level. (P> 0.05).Correlation coefficient (r) between PLIand hemoglobin level was (0.30). For the CAL The correlation coefficient (r) was (0.159).Strong and significantcorrelation were found between BOP and the hemoglobin level (r = 0.343, P value = 0.049).Conclusion: There is an association between hemoglobin levels and periodontal status

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