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Article
CORRELATION OF OVARIAN VOLUME IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS) WITH CLINICAL AND HORMONAL FINDINGS

Author: Haifa Al-Shaheen
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2006 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-82
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

CORRELATION OF OVARIAN VOLUME IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS) WITH CLINICAL AND HORMONAL FINDINGSHayfa Al- ShaheenMB,ChB, DGO, CABGO, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Basrah Maternity and Child HospitalAbstractThe aim of this study is to evaluate the ovarian morphological findings in infertile women given the diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) based on chronic anovulation (menstrual disorders) and evidence of hyperandrogenism (hirsutism & acne), and whether clinical and selected hormonal findings correlate with ovarian volume.Over 12 months period (from 1st of Jan 2005 till the 1st of Jan 2006), the ovarian morphology were determined by transabdominal ultrasound in107 patients included in this prospective study in infertility clinic in Basrah Maternity and Child Hospital. Clinical and endocrinological state was evaluated by history, physical examination and measurements of serum testosterone, Luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactine and progesterone levels. Their ages ranged (18-40 years), mean (27.28 ± 4.4) and their mean body mass index (BMI) was (29.77± 4.0 kg/m2). Ultrasound studies showed all women studied (100%) had altered ovarian morphology (both ovaries had multiple small cyst of (2-9mm), mean total follicular number (12.3±1.7) & thick capsule. Bilaterally enlarged ovaries were found in 84 (78.5%), mean (15.6± 2.04 cm3) and normal ovarian size were found in 23(21.5%) mean (6.6± 1.1 cm3). All patients who had enlarged ovaries were compared with those who had normal ovarian size regarding clinical and hormonal findings in order to determine a possible association between these findings and ovarian volume. Hirsutism was present in (78.5%), acne in (68.2%), Obesity (BMI>25 kg/m2) in (87.8%), menstrual disorders in (100%), manifested as oligomenorrhoea in (77.6%) and secondary amenorrhea in (22.4%). Comparing these clinical findings between patient who had enlarged ovaries and those who had normal ovarian size, this study has confirmed that hirsutism, acne and obesity were significantly higher in women who had enlarged ovaries the values were: (84.5% versus 56.5%), (73.8 %versus 47.8%) and( 92.9% versus 69.6%) respectively, whereas oligomenorrhoea occurred more frequently in women with normal ovarian size (82.6% vs. 76.2%), the difference was statistically non significant p.value>0.05. No significant relationship was found between ovarian volume and amenorrhea. Analysis of biochemical data showed that women with PCOS were found to have elevated Serum testosterone levels (1.3±0.74ng/ml ), elevated LH (11.80 ± 4.2 miu/ml ) and elevated LH/FSH ratio (1.90 ± 1.03) whereas all women were found to have normal prolactin levels (10.8 ± 4.0ng/ml). Comparing these hormonal levels between women who had enlarged ovaries and those who had normal- sized ovaries we found that serum testosterone, LH & LH/FSH ratio were significantly higher in women who had enlarged ovaries. Subtle differences existed between ovarian volume in hypretestosteonemic & hyperluteinizenemic subgroups of polycystic ovarian syndrome compared to normotestosteronemic & normoluteinizenemic ones. With significant relationship was found between the ovarian size and testosterone & LH levels p. value< 0.05. A significant differences also existed between ovarian volume in elevated LH/FSH ratio subgroup of polycystic ovarian syndrome compared to normal LH/FSH ratio ones. P. value 0.001. Whereas no statistical significant difference was found between ovarian volume and FSH levels. Hirsutism, acne and obesity correlated positively with total ovarian volume (r=0.282, p- value 0.002), (r=0.229, p- value 0.009) (r=0.372, p. value 0.0001) respectively. While Oligomenorrhoea and amenorrhea showed negative correlations with total ovarian volume. Total ovarian volume correlated positively with Serum testosterone levels, LH and LH/FSH>2, (r=0.518, p- value 0.0001), (r=0.563, p- value 0.0001), (r=0.266, p- value 0.01) respectively. It can be concluded from the present study that ultrasound scanning provide a non- invasive and accurate procedure for the assessment of ovarian morphology (specifically ovarian volume).Correlation of ovarian volume in women with polycystic ovary Hayfa Al- ShaheenBas J Surg, September, 12, 2006And when clinical diagnosis of PCOS was made, virtually all women were found to have characteristic ovarian morphology that extending from apparently normal to markedly enlarged cystic ovaries. Hirsutism acne, obesity, serum testosterone levels, LH and LH/FSH ratio correlated sssstrongly with increased ovarian size. These results allow us to suggest that ovarian size > 10 cm3 in women with PCOS with hyperandrogenism & menstrual disorders might be predictive of endocrine profiles, and emphasized the importance of careful assessment of ovarian volume by Ultrasound.

Keywords

OVARIAN --- POLYCYSTIC --- PCOS --- HORMONAL


Article
Iron Status in Hormonal Contraceptives and IUCDS Users
حالة الحديد لدى مستعملي موانع الحمل

Authors: Wanda B. AL-Youzbaki --- Isam H. Mahmood عصام --- Luma S. AL-Nuri لمى صلاح
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Pages: 312-318
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: To evaluate the effect of hormonal contraceptives (combined oral contraceptives pills (COCPs), Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate injection (DMPA)) & IUCDs uses on iron status of the body. Design: Case control study. Setting: Family Planning Center in AL-Batool Teaching Hospital, during the period from April 2002- August 2002.Patients & Methods: One hundred women using contraceptives (39 of them using intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs), 36 women of them using COCPs, and 25 of them using DMPA, age ranged between 19-42 years, and 100 healthy women who did not use neither hormonal contraceptives nor IUCDs as control, age ranged between 20-43 years, were investigated by measuring hemoglobin (Hb) level and PCV by Cyanomethaemoglobin method , serum iron and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) using Enzymatic Calorimetric method and percent iron saturation was calculated by the equation = Results: There was a significant effect of COCPs on serum iron and percent of saturation. In addition, a significant effect was found on PCV and percent iron saturation by IUCDs usage. Conclusion: It is recommended that iron supplementation, be a part of the IUCDs services provided in Family Planning Centers in the view of the high prevalence of anemia among women in child bearing age in Iraq.

الملخص:أهداف البحث : يهدف البحث إلى تقييم تأثير استخدام موانع الحمل الهرمونية (حبوب منع الحمل المشتركة ، حقن البروجيستيرون) واللوالب على مستوى الحديد في الجسم .التصميم : دراسة عينة- مقارنة0مكان إجراء البحث والإطار الزمني له : مركز تنظيم الأسرة في مستشفى البتول التعليمي في الموصل للفترة من نيسان 2002 إلى آب 2002. الطرق المتبعة : أجريت فحوصات قياس مستوى الهيموكلوبين والحديد واستيعاب ارتباط الحديد الكلي على مئة امرأة ممن يستخدمن موانع الحمل, (39) امرأة منهن كن يستخدمن اللوالب ، 36 منهن كن يستخدمن حبوب منع الحمل المشتركة و 25منهن كن يستخدمن حقن البروجيستيرون تتراوح أعمارهن بين 19-42 سنة وعلى مائة امرأة سليمة ممن لم يستخدمن موانع الحمل الهرمونية ولا اللوالب كمجموعة سيطرة تتراوح أعمارهن بين 20-43 سنة, بواسطة الطريقة اللونية باستخدام الأنزيمات ونسبة تشبع الحديد محسوبة بالمعادلة التالية :نسبة تشبع الحديد = X 100 النتائج : وجد أن هناك تأثير مهم لحبوب منع الحمل المشتركة واللوالب على استيعاب ارتباط الحديد الكلي ونسبة تشبع الحديد.الاستنتاج : يوصى بأخذ مركبات الحديد كجزء من خدمة إعطاء اللوالب في مراكز تنظيم الأسرة بالنظر لانتشار فقر الدم بين النساء في عمر الإنجاب في العراق.


Article
HISTOPATHOLOGICAL AND HORMONAL EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT DOSES OF ASPIRIN ON THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF ALBINO RATS
التأثيرات المرضية النسجية والهرمونية لجرع مختلفة من الأسبرين على الجهاز التكاثري الانثوي في الجرذان البيضاء

Author: SH. Ali , **Zainab I. Mohammed **Khalil G. Chelab
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 211-226
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of aspirin on the female reproductive organs in albino rats. (21) mature female albino rats (150-170gm) were divided into three groups: 1st group which treated as negative control group, it was drenched only 0.2 ml of PBS.2nd group was drenched with Aspirin(10 mg/Kg of B.W once daily for 14 days).3rd group was drenched with Aspirin (20 mg/Kg B.W once daily for 14 days). Our results showed that 2nd group and 3rd group demonstrated significantly decrease (P ≤ 0.05) in the values of plasma LH compared with control group. In values of plasma FSH hormone, the 2nd and 3rd groups showed significantly decreased (P ≤ 0.05) in the relation with the control group. On the other hand, the microscopic examination of the histopathological sections of uteri of all the treated and control groups showed that the 2nd group demonstrated mild hyperplasia and degeneration in the epithelial cells which lining the uterus and there is few numbers of uteri glands. Also marked hyperplasia and vacuolation of the epithelial cells which lines the uterus. In 3rd group, the histopathological examination of uteri elucidates profuse proliferation and irregular hyperplasia of smooth muscles in the wall of uterus, there is high infiltration of inflammatory cells and there is congestion of blood vessels. Also there is marked vacuolation of uterine epithelial cells and fewer and smaller uterine glands than the 2nd group and 1st (control) group. In ovaries of 2nd group showed markedly few follicular growth wave characterized by primary, secondary follicles and there is congestion and thrombi in the ovarian stroma. Also presence of large corpus luteum. But the histopathological changes in the ovaries of 3rd group animals showed more severity than 2nd group animals in which there are primary and secondary follicles with severe congestion and hemorrhage, also there is high numbers of corpus luteum. 1st (control) group was showed normal histological feature of uteri and ovaries. We conclude from the present study that different doses of aspirin can cause histopathological effects and hormonal disturbances in FSH and LH hormones.


Article
Effect of spraying with proline and hormonal and nutritional mixture in the growth and yield of the Faba bean (Vicia faba L.)
تأثير الرش بالبرولين و خليط هرموني تغذوي في نمو وحاصل الباقلاء (Vicia faba L.)

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Abstract

A field experiment was carried out during 2016/2017 season in Al-Rumaitha Al-Muthanna, Iraq to study the effect of spraying with three at of proline rates (0, 40 and 80 mg L -1) and a three-concentration hormonal mixture (M0(Control), M1= (IAA 20 mg L-1+ P 1000 mgP L-1 + K 2000 mgK L-1 +B 50 mgB L-1) and M2 = (IAA 40 mg L-1+ P 2000 mgP L-1 + K 4000 mgK L-1 +B 100 mgB L-1) A global experiment Randomized segments (RCBD) and three replicates. Was adopted significant effect of 80 mg L-1 proline significantly increased plant height, plant count, pod length plant dry weight, pod number per plant,( 29%), total seed yield (19%), biological yield (11%) harvesting index (8%) compared with the comparison, whereas the spraying of the proline did. The addition of the M2 height increase plant branches, chlorophyll content pod length dry weight of the plant ( 28%), the number of pods plant-1 (22%), total seed yield (15%) and harvest index (17%) as compared to significant differences were found among treatments and the contion in the number of seeds pod weight of 100 seeds and biological yield.With treatment the interaction between the spraying of the proline and the mixture showed a significant effect on the dry weight of the plant, the number of corns, the total number, the biological yield and the harvest index only.

نفذت تجربة حقلية خلال الموسم الزراعي 2016-2017 في قضاء الرميثة محافظة المثنى , وذلك لدراسة تأثير الرش بثلاثة تراكيز من البرولين (صفر و 40 و 80 ملغم لتر-1) وخليط هرموني تغذوي بثلاثة تراكيز (M0 و M1 و M2) في نمو وحاصل الباقلاء طبقت تجربة عاملية وفقاً لتصميم القطاعات العشوائية الكاملة R.C.B.D وبثلاث مكررات . بينت النتائج وجود التأثير المعنوي للرش بالبرولين اذ حققت معاملة الرش بالتركيز الاعلى للبرولين 80 ملغم لتر-1 زيادة معنوية في ارتفاع النبات وعدد التفرعات بالنبات وطول القرنة والوزن الجاف للنبات وعدد القرنات بالنبات وبمقدار(29%) وحاصل البذور الكلي بمقدار (19%) والحاصل الحيوي بمقدار(11%) ودليل الحصاد بمقدار(8%) قياساً بالمقارنة في حين لم يؤثر الرش بالبرولين في محتوى الكلوروفيل في الاوراق و عدد البذور بالقرنة. أدت اضافة التركيز الاعلى M2 للخليط في محلول الرش إلى زيادة في ارتفاع النبات وعدد التفرعات ومحتوى الكلوروفيل في الاوراق وطول القرنة والوزن الجاف للنبات بمقدار(28%) وعدد القرنات بالنبات بمقدار(22%) وحاصل البذور الكلي بمقدار(15%) ودليل الحصاد بمقدار(17%) قياساً بعدم الرش ولم تظهر فروقات معنوية بين معاملات الرش وعدم الرش بالخليط في عدد البذور بالقرنة ووزن الـ 100 بذرة والحاصل الحيوي . أظهر التداخل بين الرش بالبرولين والخليط تأثيراً معنوياً في الوزن الجاف للنبات وعدد القرنات والحاصل الكلي والحاصل الحيوي ودليل الحصاد فقط .

Keywords

Vicia faba --- Nutritional --- Proline --- Hormonal


Article
Pattern of penile growth after HCG treatment in sever hypospadias might provide a clue to intra-natal endocrinopathy and pathogenesis

Author: Dr. Saadeldeen Gali. A. (F.I.B.M.S Urology)
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2012 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 378-385
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Hypospadias is a relatively common congenital anomaly of the penis that arises in 2 to 8 of 1000 live births, often as an isolated anomaly. This anomaly is repaired surgically in the first year of life to improve the cosmetic appearance and establish a glanular position of the urinary meatus for voiding and deposition of semen later in life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of HCG hormonal manipulation in inducing penile growth in hypospadias boys before surgical repair , and the pattern of this growth and response , in addition to that this thesis try to add more knowledge to the etiology and pathogensis of one of these relatively common urogenital disorder.Patients and methods :-This small series thesis included 16 boys with an age ranged from 3-48 ms who had proximal and penoscrotal hypospadias with sever cordea .All boys received a full course of HCG treatment using the standard WHO protocol of HCG therapy in pediatric age group. The degree and rate of response to HCG therapy together with the pattern of penile growth have been measured and evaluated before and one week after HCG therapy using the student T – test for statistical analysis.Results :-At the end of HCG treatment penile growth has been achieved in all boys. The cordee decreased and penile length increased in all cases. The mean stretched penile length was changed from 18.68 pre HCG to 31.97 post treatment (P value < 0.001). The average penile length was nearly doubled after HCG treatment with an increase of 40% to 180% (mean 83%, P value < 0.001)What was very interesting and major finding that emerge during this study , is that the penile response and growth to HCG treatment was not universal over the whole shaft of the penis, with by far most of increment in penile length occurred proximal to urethral meatus and the percentage of penile growth was 262% (P value < 0.001) proximal to meatus , while it was only 24% not significant (P value > 0.001 ) distal to it . This disproportional penile growth causing the meatus to advance distally in all cases with a mean distal migration of urethral meatus was 9.75 mm (P value < 0.001).Conclusion :- HCG treatment in hypospadias was very effective in achieving sufficient penile growth that might facilitate the surgical outcome, the other finding is that hypospadias even the sever one is not at a fixed stage or degree, but it can easily be manipulated by hormonal treatment in addition to that, this study suggest that post natal response of hyposadias penis to HCG might provide a mirror that reflect its intra natal response during organogenesis and embryogenesis, and this thesis might provide a different insight toward the pathogenesis of hypospadias-chordea complex by diverting more attention and focusing toward a localized endocrinopathy that affect the tissue responsiveness to androgen.

هذه الدراسة أجريت لتقيم فعالية هرمون HCG لتحفيز نمو العضو الذكري لدى الأطفال المصابين بتشوهه المبال التحتاني الشديد قبل التداخل الجراحي ودراسة نمط هذه الاستجابة كما تحاول هذه الدراسة تعزيز إحدى النظريات الجديدة والتي قد تفسر كيفية حدوث هذا ألتشوه أثناء فترة تكوين الجنين. شملت هذه الدراسة التي أجريت في فرع الجراحة البولية ووحدة الجراحة التجميلية في مدينة الصدر الطبية ستة عشر طفلا مصابا بتشوهه المبال التحتاني الشديد. حيث خضع المصابين والذين كانت تتراوح أعمارهم بين ثلاثة أشهر إلى ثمانية وأربعين شهرا جميعا إلى برنامج العلاج الهرموني بهرمون HCG قبل أجراء التداخل الجراحي وقد خلصت هذه الدراسة بان هرمون HCG فعال جدا في تحفيز نمو العضو الذكري لدى جميع المرضى كما بينت هذه الدراسة بأنه وباستخدام العلاج الهرموني فان شدة الانحراف الولادي في العضو الذكري المصاحب لهذا ألتشوهه بدأت بالتناقص لدى جميع المرضى الخاضعين للعلاج مما يسهل أجراء عملية التداخل الجراحي كما بينت هذه الدراسة بان نمط النمو الحاصل في العضو الذكري بتحفيز الهرمون المذكور يكون معظمة في الجزء الداني لفتحة الاحليل أما الجزء القاصي من فتحة الاحليل فقد أظهرت الدراسة ممانعة أو عدم استجابة الأنسجة لهذا الهرمون وهذا النمط في النمو قد يفسر الأسباب التكوينية لهذا ألتشوهه خلال فترة تكوين الجنين.


Article
Histological modulation of adult rat's testis in response to anti-aging factor
التغيرات النسيجية في خصوبة الخصية لذكور الجرذان عند الاستجابة لعامل مضاد الشيخوخة

Author: Samia A. Eleiwe د. سامية عياس عليوي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 120-125
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Melatonin overtops other hormones in the studies of hormonal – replacement therapy nowadays. It is an anti-aging and antioxidant, prevents the oxidative damaging events to endocrine organs including testis. Objective: The on going study tried to document that the fertility of testes must be increased by melatonin supply within the therapeutic doses.Methods: Melatonin was supplied to adult male albino rats, for successive 14 days. Rats were divided into 6 groups. Group I was the control. Group II, III, IV, V and VI were given melatonin as a daily dose of 125, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 µg / kg body weight, respectively. After the last day of treatment, animals were killed under effect of anesthesia. Left testis was studied to evaluate the fertility status.Result: The results showed significant increase in the reproductive morphology with the therapeutic doses, while highly degenerative changes seen with larger doses. Conclusion: Melatonin increases the reproductive morphology of rat's testes within therapeutic doses, whereas it induces vast damages with large doses. Key Words: Testis, melatonin, antiaging, and hormonal replacement therapy

الملخص:-نبذة تأريخية: ان الميلاتونين يتصدرالهرمونات الأخرى في بحوث البدائل الهرمونية حاليا.حيث انه عامل مضاد الشيخوخة ومضاد الأكسدة ويمنع التأكسد الأتلافي للغدد الصم وبضمنها الخصية.الهدف: هذه الدراسة تحاول أثبات ان خصوبة الخصية تزداد مع الجرعات الأعتيادية للميلاتونين.طريقة العمل: تم اعطاءالميلاتونين للجرذان البيضاء البالغةلمدة 14يوما متتالية.قسمت الجرذان الى6مجاميع.المجموعة 1كانت للمقارنة.المجموعة 2 ، 3، 4، 5 و 6 أعطيت جرعة يومية بمقدار 125، 250،500 ،750 ، ،1000ميكروغرام/كغم من وزن الجسم,على التوالي .بعد آخر يوم من المعالجةقتلت الحيوانات تحت تأثير المخدر.وتم فحص الخصية اليسرى لمعرفة مستوى الخصوبة. النتائج: أظهرت النتائج وجود أرتفاع مهم في الشكل التكاثري للخصية مع الجرعات العلاجية للميلاتونين. اما في الجرعات العالية فأنه يحدث ضررا بليغا.الأستنتاج: ان الميلاتونين يزيد الشكل التكاثري للخصية في الجرذان مع الجرعات العلاجية, لكنه يسبب تلفا كبيرا في الجرعات العالية.


Article
Correlation of mandibular canal wall resorption with angular cortical thickness among edentulous patients using panoramic radiographs (A comparative study between male and female)

Author: Dr. Nuhad A. Hassan, B.D.S. ,M.Sc. د.نهاد حسن
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 130-136
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

BackgroundResorption of alveolar bone is the best recognized feature of mandibular aging inthe edentate subject. The aim of this is study to evaluate the mandibular canal wallresorption using panoramic radiographs among edentulous male and female.Material and methodThe sample of this study was collected from patients who attended TeachingHospital of the College of Dentistry at Al- Mustansiria University and panoramicradiographs were taken in Al-Karama specialized center for dentistry. Forty threepatients were selected in this study with age range between 59-85 years (25 malesand 18 females) . Panoramic radiographs for all patients and sides were examinedand evaluated .ResultsChi-square between males and females of angular cortical thickness (ACT) ≥1mm and ACT ˂ 1mm was (37.06) which statistically significant with p-value(0.008) and between resorption (grades) and age of males was(34.72) which itstatistically significant p-value(0.049) also between resorption (grades) and age offemales was(15.6) which was statistically significant p-value (0.003) . Spermancorrelation showed statistically significant moderate correlation between gender andage (r=0.581,p-value=0.01) and there was a moderately statistical significantcorrelation between the grades of mandibular canal resorption and the angularcortical thickness measurements in both gender (r=0.532,p-value=0.033).ConclusionThe resorption of the wall is found more often in edentulous females than in themales due to hormonal imbalance.


Article
Presentation and Options of Management of Undescended Testis in our Practice

Authors: Hussein Oudah Al-Jasmawy --- Adel Ibraheem Muhi --- Ali Abdulhaleem Kadhim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 1006 -1014
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Undescended testis is a common congenital anomaly in pediatric population, associated with many complications if not managed properly. This study for clinical presentation, available investigations and the different modalities for treatment of undescended testis in our practice. One hundred twenty patients diagnosed with undescended testis in Hilla Teaching General Hospital and Private Hospitals during the period of June 2007 to June 2014. Age of patients included is from 6 months to 40 years age, intersex and ectopic testis were excluded. Ultrasonographydone for all patients, CT scan and MRI or diagnostic laparoscopy were added to investigate sonography undetectabletestis in groin. Management includes hormonal therapy for selected patients and surgical intervention for the others including those with failure of hormonal therapy. Diagnostic laparoscopy done for two cases. Presentation age were 42% at 2-5 years age and 33% were below 2 years. Best hormonal response were in bilateral than unilateral cases, 25% for bilateral versus 10 % for unilateral cases. One stage open orchiopexy was the common surgical procedure used (85.83%). The best results for surgical orchiopexy can be obtained when performed at age below two years. Hormonal therapy was benefit in some patients. One stage orchiopexy is a safe procedure in most of cases in our practice. We advise to start laparoscopic approach in diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominaltestis.


Article
Treatment of repeat breeding of Iraqi native river buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) south of Baghdad using different hormonal treatment – a field study
معالجة تكرار الصراف باستخدام علاجات هرمونية مختلفة لدى جاموس النهر المحلية( (Bubalus bubalis جنوب مدينة بغداد– دراسة حقلية عباس حسين نايف إل سعيد ، حداوي محمد دحام * ، ماجد حسن قربون** وزارة العلوم والتكنولوجيا/قسم البحوث الزراعية ، *جامعة واسط/كلية التربية الاساسية /قسم العلوم ،**الجامعة المستنصرية/كلية التربية الاساسية/قسم العلوم

Journal: Journal Of Wassit For Science & Medicine مجلة واسط للعلوم والطب ISSN: 58161992 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 13-18
Publisher: Wassit University جامعة واسط

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Abstract

AbstractThis study aimed to evaluate the effects of hormonal treatment ( GnRH and PGF2α) with and without antibiotics in the treatment of repeat breeders (RB) of Iraqi native river buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in private dairy farms located in the south of Baghdad for improving the reproductive performance in addition to find the ratio of repeat breeder. The study included (112) Buffalo cows suffering from repeat breeding for more than three unfertile insemination estrus cycles. Buffalo cows were divided into 4 groups according to programs treatment (G1=PGF2α, G2=GnRH , G3= PGF2α+GnRH and G4=PGF2α+Iodine+Oxytetracyclen) respectively. Results of the study revealed that the using of (GnRH and PGF2α) hormones with and without antibiotic (Oxytetracycline+Iodine) are useful in improving the reproductive performance of Buffalo cows. The pregnancy rate after the application of the proposed treatments , measured after (60-65) days by rectal palpation, in the four groups proposed as follows ( 60.0% , 46.6 % , 71.8 % , 75.0 % ) respectively . The pregnancy rates in groups (G3 and G4) were significantly higher than in (G1and G2) groups (P<0.05) and the treatment with (GnRH+PGF2α) hormones or (PGF2α+Iodine+Oxytetracyclen) was more useful in improving the reproductive performance of these animals, the ratio of repeated breeding in Iraqi native river buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) was about 44.8% (112 out of 250 animal examined in this study). In conclusion, the application of treatments with (GnRH+PGF2α) or (PGF2α+Iodine+Oxytetracyclen) is useful and highly efficient in improving reproductive performance in buffalo cows suffering from repeat breeding.Keywords: Repeat breeders, hormonal treatment, native buffaloes.

المستخلص تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تقييم تأثير المعاملة بهرموني ( GnRH و PGF2α ) مع أو بدون استخدام المضادات الحيوية في علاج حالات تكرار الصراف لغرض تحسين الأداء التكاثري لدى جاموس النهر المحلية (Bubalus bubalis ) المتواجدة في حقول التربية الخاصة جنوب مدينة بغداد إضافة إلى تقدير نسبة حالات تكرار الصراف . شملت الدراسة (112) بقرة جاموس تعاني من تكرار الصراف لأكثر من ثلاث دورات شبق غير مخصبة وخالية من أي اضطرابات مرضية واضحة قد تمنع حصول الإخصاب أو الحمل . قسمت حيوانات الدراسة إلى أربعة مجاميع : المجموعة الأولى(G1) حقنت بهرمون PGF2α , المجموعة الثانية (G2) حقنت بهرمونGnRH , المجموعة الثالثة (G3) حقنت بهرموني (PGF2α+GnRH ) أما المجموعة الرابعة (G4) فعولجت ب (+ Iodine PGF2α+ Oxytetracycline) . أظهرت نتائج هذه الدراسة إن المعالجة بهرموني ( GnRH , PGF2α ) مع أو بدون استخدام المضادات الحيوية مفيدة في تحسين الأداء التكاثري لأبقار الجاموس. فقد بلغت نسبة الحمل بعد (65 - 60) يوم من التلقيح الطبيعي , بطريقة الجس المستقيمي , في المجاميع الأربعة بعد إجراء المعالجات المقترحة كما يلي 75.0 % , 71.0 %, 46.6 %, 60.0 %) ) على التوالي . إذ لوحظ وجود فروق معنوية في نسبة الحمل في مجموعتي المعالجة الثالثة والرابعة مقارنة بالمجموعتين الأولى و الثانية ( , (P<0.05وان المعالجة باستخدام (PGF2α+GnRH ) أو (+ Iodine PGF2α+ Oxytetracycline) أكثر فائدة في تحسين الأداء التكاثري لأبقار الجاموس . كما أظهرت النتائج إن نسبة حالات تكرار الصراف لدى جاموس النهر المحلية (Bubalus bubalis ) المتواجدة في حقول التربية الخاصة جنوب مدينة بغداد بلغت بحدود 44.8 % ( 112 من 250 حيوان تم فحصها خلال هذه الدراسة) . يمكن الاستنتاج من هذه الدراسة إن اعتماد طريقة المعالجة باستخدام (PGF2α + GnRH ) أو (+ Iodine PGF2α+ Oxytetracycline) مفيدة وذات كفاءة عالية في تحسين الأداء التناسلي في أبقار الجاموس التي تعاني من حالات تكرار الصراف .الكلمات المفتاحية : تكرار الصراف,معالجه هرمونية,الجاموس المحلي.


Article
The effect of date fruit on puberty and sexual maturity in heifers

Authors: Hasan Hadi Hammod Alabbasi --- Saad Akram Hatif
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2019 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

This study was conducted on 15 cross breed heifers at age 5-month-old from the period of the 1st of February 2018 to 1st of December 2018. Total 15 heifers were divided randomly two groups, first one was the date treatment (T1) and the other was control treatment (T2), T1 was supplemented with basal ration in addition to the tow Kg of dates daily, while T2 was supplemented with chief ration only. Body condition score, body weight, hormonal assay, bull display and field observation were used for puberty determination. While body weight, body condition score, progesterone estimation, rectal palpation and ultrasonography were used for pregnancy determination at 60 days. Ultrasonography was used to confirm pregnancy and certain maturity of heifers. There was used 3.5MHz for prop in rectal palpation with special gel for the prop in ultrasonographic examination. The aim of current study was to accelerate puberty and sexual maturity in heifers that was fed on dates. The results revealed that there was a significant effect (P ≤0.01) for the date treatment (T1) on control treatment (T2) in acceleration of puberty and sexual maturity. Heifers were reached puberty and maturity age at 7.8 and 9.8 month old for T1 and 11.4 and 16.2 month old for T2 respectively. The response of heifers for advance of puberty and sexual maturity is fast in 60% and moderate in 30% of heifers. Only 10% of heifers were not responded to date supplementation.

Keywords

Dates --- puberty --- maturity --- weight --- and hormonal assay

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