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Article
The Effects of Dexamethasone on Postoperative Complications After Surgical Removal of Impacted Lower Third Molar Teeth

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Abstract

Abstract:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of dexamethasone on postoperativecomplications after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar.Sixty patients submitted for surgical removal of impacted lower third molar, thirtypatients received dexamethasone ampoule I.M (8 mg/2 ml) one hour preoperatively followed byone ampoule 12 hours post operatively, compared with another thirty patients who did notreceive dexamethasone. The parameters of comparison were swelling and trismus depending onthe patient's outcome (Yes or No), in addition to pain using VAS scale. Findings were recordedat second, fourth, and seventh days postoperatively.Dexamethasone appear to have great effect on reducing the post operative complications(pain, swelling and trismus) after the surgical removal of lower third molar and the statisticalanalysis showed a highly significant difference between group one that received dexamethasoneand group two without dexamethasone.We concluded that

الخلاصة :ان الھدف من ھذه الدراسة ھو بیان تاثیر مادة الدكسامیثازون على تقلیل التاثیرات الجانبیة (الألم، الورم والتشنج)الناتجة عن رفع ضرس العقل في الفك السفلي والتي من الممكن ان تؤثر على فعالیة المریضسلبا.ستون مریضا شًاركوا في ھذه الدراسة وتم توزیعھم على مجموعتین, المجموعھ الاولى ( 30 ) مریضا تًم اعطائھمحقنة دكسامیثازون 8 ملغم/ 2 مل في العضلة قبل العملیة بساعة واحدة ثم حقنة ثانیة بعد العملیة باثني عشر ساعة. أماالمجموعھ الثانیة ( 30 ) مریضا فًلم یتم اعطائھم ھذه الحقنة. تمت المقارنة بین المجموعتین عن طریق متابعة (الألم، الورموالتشنج).أظھرت الاختبارات الاحصائیة أن المجموعة التي أستخدم معھم الدكسامیثازون كان (الالم، الورم والتشنج) اقل منالذین لم یستخدم معھم الدكسامیثازون بشكل كبیر.


Article
Prevalence of Impacted Wisdom Teeth among Hawler Young People

Author: Dr. Lukman Fawzi Omar. B.D.S MSc د.لقمان فواز
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 97-103
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: It is believed that the incidence of impaction is increasing in recent years due to the less functional activity of the Jaws.Aim of the study: The objective of this study is to know the prevalence of impacted wisdom teeth among Hawler young population Also to know the factors that are associated with the state of impaction.Material and Method: 1150 young people from college of dentistry were included from February to September 2005, age ranged between 17 -30 years old they were examined using special case sheet.Results: Out of 1150 people examined (517male .and 633female), (219 male and 285 female) were found to have one or more impacted wisdom teeth (43.82%).Only 73(32male and 41 female) had one or more congenitally missing third molar. A relation was found between impaction and habit of using chewing gum and singing, statistical relation were existed between impaction and type of food, tempromandibular joint (TMJ) trouble, emotional stress and fatigue.Conclusion: A strong association was found between impacted wisdom teeth and type of food and habits among Hawler young population.

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