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Article
Toward Iraqi National Medical Licensing Examination

Authors: Ashoor R Sarhat --- Sarab K. Abedalrahman
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 77-84
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Many factors that necessitate the need for a national medical licensing examination in Iraq, and these are the following; the rapid increase in the number of medical schools and their students, the expected influx of Iraqi and foreign medical graduates from foreign countries to work in Iraq especially after 2003. The expected increasing number of students and award of scholarships to increasing numbers of students to study medicine in various countries with the absence of published national guidelines for minimal acceptable competencies of a medical graduate are of driving forces for this examination. This article is to discuss the need for consensus of lists of competencies that a graduating medical student is expected to master in order to practice medicine, and then to design national licensing examinations to address these different competencies.


Article
Assessing Computer Skills and attitudes toward electronic learing and internet use in a sample of third year medical students of baghdad medical college- iraq.

Author: Ahmed. S.Al naaimi احمد النعيمي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 60-64
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Article
Problems of Translating Medical Metaphors from English into Arabic
مشكلات ترجمة التعابير المجازية الطبية من الإنكليزية إلى العربية

Author: Layth N. Muhammed ليث نوفل محمد
Journal: Adab AL Rafidayn اداب الرافدين ISSN: 03782867 Year: 2009 Issue: 55 Pages: 757-780
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى التحري عن مشكلات ترجمة التعابير الطبية الإنكليزية المجازية إلى اللغة العربية. فهو محاولة لتسليط الضوء على آلية ترجمة هذه التعابير المجازية، وتحديد المواضع التي قد تكون مصدراً للإخفاقات أثناء عملية الترجمة ومن ثم اقتراح ترجمات قد تكون أفضل من سابقاتها. فقد تناول البحث تحليل ثمان نصوص فقط تمّ انتقاؤها بطريقة عشوائية من مجلات طبية مختلفة. وقام بترجمة هذه النصوص تسعة من تدريسي قسم الترجمة/ كلية الآداب/ جامعة الموصل من حملة شهادة الماجستير. وقد تحرى البحث مدى نجاح هؤلاء المشتركين في الاستبيان في ترجمة هذه التعابير المجازية. وقد افترض البحث أن التعابير المجازية الطبية إنما تشكل لغة مستقلة بذاتها وإنها تختلف عن تلك التعابير المجازية غير العلمية وإن إمكانية حصر مثل هذه التعابير إنما يتم من خلال تعلمها. وقد كشفت هذه الدراسة صعوبة التعامل مع مثل هذه المجازات الطبية وذلك لكونها تشكل تعابيراً اصطلاحية ثابتة.


Article
Hospital Waste and Cleaning Workers in Baquba Teaching Hospital

Author: Shahab A. Al-Azzawi شهاب احمد العزاوي
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 79-83
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Medical waste is potentially hazardous, infectious, and toxic materials. It therefore requires special handling and disposal practices.Aims: To determine:1. Impact of medical waste upon cleaning workers.2. Awareness of cleaning workers toward medical waste in Baquba teaching hospitalSubjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of (80) employees in Baquba teaching hospital in May 2011. Self-administered questionnaire which included occupational, organisational factors and sociodemographic variables was used. In addition, researcher observed collection, segregation, transportation, and disposal of medical waste at the hospital.Result: Most of the cleaning workers are younger age (35 year ), male 85%, the rate of illiteracy among cleaners in the hospitals was high 47.5%, the highest level of knowledge about hazard categories of medical waste had worked for (2–5 years), the cleaners are focused mainly on the sharps particles first degree, percentage who reported sharps as medical waste about 98%.Conclusion: Most cleaning workers lacked sufficient awareness of impacts of poor clinical waste disposal and had never heard of any policy national or international on safe clinical waste management. Methods of collecting, segregating, transporting and disposing clinical waste at the hospital was poor.

Keywords

Medical waste --- hospitals --- workers.


Article
2-MEDICAL ERRORS AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PHYSICIAN

Author: Thamer A Hamdan
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2009 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 3-9
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

LEADING ARTICLE The physician is an active member ofthe society. He interacts with it,influences and takes care of it. His dutyis not only to cure patients, but also totake the necessary procedures to reduceerrors and to lessen the harm resultingfrom these errors on the health of thepatient. Such faults and errors may seemtravail, but they are serious however tinythey are because they are related to thedivine and precious life of the humanbeing.

Keywords

MEDICAL --- ERRORS --- RESPONSIBILITY --- PHYSICIAN


Article
Compliance to Medical Therapy among Hypertensive Patients Attending the Out Patient Department of AL-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital
الالتزام بالعلاج الطبي لدى المرضى المصابين بأرتفاع ضغط الدم المراجعين للعيادة الاستشارية في مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي

Authors: Mohammed J. Kadhim د. محمد جواد كاظم --- Najla`a F. Jamil د. نجلاء فوزي جميل --- Zina M. Ramzi د. زينة رمزي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 296-300
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: To determine the compliance of hypertensive patients to their medical therapy.Method: Across- sectional study was carried out among 280 hyper tensive patients attending the out –patient department of AL-Yarmouk Teaching hospital between 1st of NOV2002-end of FEB2003. The data was collected by direct interview with each patient according to special questionnaire form.Results: The study showed that 187(66.8%) of the patients were complaint with their medical treatment regularly, while 93(33.2%) were non- complaint .poor concept of the disease and in correct information about the usage of drugs were the main reasons of non-compliance .Females and illiterate patients were significantly more compliant to medication than males and highly educated patients .Both monotherapy and single dose therapy had significantly influenced compliance to therapy .It was found that patients who were regular on follow- up were significantly more compliant than those who were irregular.Conclusion: One- third of patients didn’t take their medication regularly .Therefore, we recommended that hypertensive patients should have a better opportunity to know more about their disease , its risk factors and complications as well as the importance of compliance to their treatment. Key words: Compliance, Medical Therapy, Hypertension.

الملخص:الهدف: التعرف على مدى التزام المرضى المصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم بالعلاج الطبي0طريقة اجراء البحث: اجريت دراسة مقطعية على (280) مريضا مصابا بارتفاع ضغط الدم والذين راجعوا العيادة الاستشارية في مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي للفترة من الاول من تشرين الثاني 2002 والى نهاية شباط 2003, تم جمع المعلومات باسلوب المقابلة المباشرة مع المرضى وبحسب استبيان0النتائج: لقد اظهرت الدراسة ان 187(66.8%) من المرضى كانوا ملتزمين بأخذ العلاج بشكل منتظم بينما 93(33.2%) كانون غير ملتزمين0 المفاهيم الخاطئة عن المرض او عدم معرفتهم بطرق استخدام الدواء كانت الاسباب الرئيسية لعدم الالتزام0 اظهرت الدراسة ان المرضى من الاناث وكذلك الاميين هم اكثر التزاما" من المرضى الذكور والمرضى الحاصلين على الشهادات الجامعية ولقد اظهرت ارتباط ذا مغزى احصائي0 كان لاستخدام نوع واحد من الادوية او استخدام الدواء مرة واحدة في اليوم علاقة معنوية احصائية في مدى التزام المرضى بعلاجاتهم0 ولقد لوحظ ان المرضى الذين هم تحت المتابعة الطبية المنتظمة اكثر التزاما من الذين هم تحت المتابعة غي المنتظمة0الاستنتاج: ان ثلث المرضى كانوا غير الملتزمين باخذ الدواء بشكل منتظم وذلك بسبب المفاهيم الخاطئة عن المرض او عدم معرفتهم بطرق استخدام الدواء0لذلك ننصح بأن يكون للمرضى المصابين بأرتفاع ضغط الدم فرصة افضل لكي يتعرفوا اكثر على طبيعة مرضهم, عوامل خطورته ومضاعفاته وكذلك اهمية الالتزام بالعلاج الطبي


Article
Medical students' attitudes to medical ethics education
مواقف طلبة كلية الطب تجاه تعليم أخلاقيات الطب

Author: Nadia H. Saied نادية حازم سعيد
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2013 Volume: 39 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-106
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

ABSTRACTObjective: The aim of the study is to investigate medical students' attitudes and opinions regarding medical ethics education.Subjects and methods: The study was conducted in the College of Medicine, University of Mosul during the academic year 2011-2012. A cross-sectional study design was adopted with a self-administered questionnaire form distributed to medical students in the 5th and 6th undergraduate grades. Results: Of 150 respondents, the majority (82%) considered medical ethics teaching for medical students an important issue, and 69.3% agreed that medical ethics teaching would influence the attitudes and behaviors of doctors, and improve patient-doctor relationship. However, only 40% had general interest in learning more about medical ethics. Two thirds (64.8) of students were confident with their ability to recognize a significant ethical problems in clinical practice. Only 36% knew how to proceed when a patient is mentally incompetent. Conclusion: Medical students have a low positive attitude about the medical ethics teaching, and they may not be adequately prepared to meet the challenges of clinical practice. There should be incorporation of creative and integrated ethics curriculum to start in the first medical grade, with emphasis on ethical aspect of daily medical practice.

الخلاصةالهدف من الدراسة: تهدف الدراسة إلى التحري عن مواقف طلبة كلية الطب وآرائهم فيما يتعلق بدراسة أخلاقيات الطب.المواد وطرق العمل: أجريت الدراسة في كلية الطب, جامعة الموصل خلال العام الدراسي 2011-2012 بإعتماد تصميم دراسة المقطع العرضي، حيث تم إستخدام إستمارة الإستبيان الذاتي لجمع البيانات من طلبة كلية الطب-جامعة الموصل في المرحلتين الخامسة والسادسة.النتائج: من بين 150 طالب وطالبة مشاركين في الدراسة, إعتبرت الأغلبية (82%) إن تدريس أخلاقيات الطب لطلبة كلية الطب ناحية مهمة في التعليم الطبي, وإتفق 63,3% على أن تدريس هذه المادة سوف يؤثر على المواقف والسلوك ويحسن علاقة الطبيب مع مرضاه. بينما كان 40% فقط من الطلبة لديهم إهتمام عام هذا الموضوع. وظهر أن ثلثي الطلبة (64,8%) لديهم الثقة بقدرتهم على التعرف على مشاكل أخلاقية كبيرة في الممارسة السريرية, وعرف 36% فقط من الطلبة كيفية المضي قدما عندما يكون المريض غير مؤهل عقليا. الاستنتاجات: توصلت هذه الدراسة إلى أن طلبة كلية الطب كان لهم موقف أقل إيجابية حول تدريس أخلاقيات الطب وقد لايكونوا على إستعداد كاف لموجهة التحديات في الممارسة السريرية. أوصت الدراسة وجوب إدماج منهاج متكامل وإبداعي لأخلاقيات الطب منذ المرحلة الأولى مع التركيز على الجانب الأخلاقي في مجال الممارسة الطبية اليومية.


Article
Objectives and aims ; this study done on Hawler Medical University students. To assess the prevalence of suicide ideation among medical students. Comparing the prevalence distribution of suicide ideas among the different medical students’ stages, in addition to other sociodemographic variables. Methods; Data was collected from 455 medical students through distributing questionnaire forms (convenient sample) from November, 2011 – March,2012. Results; An estimated 6% of students at this university had current suicide ideation, with highest frequency being reported among third stage students. Half of those who have suicidal ideation (2.9% of the sample), have a plan to commit it. Gender variation had shown no significant impact on the incidence of suicidal ideation. Conclusions; Results highlight potential targets for early intervention among medical college students.
الأهداف والأهداف؛ هذه الدراسة أجريت على طلاب جامعة هولير الطبية. لتقييم مدى انتشار التفكير الانتحار بين طلاب الطب. بمقارنة توزيع انتشار الأفكار الانتحارية بين المراحل المختلفة طلاب الطب '، بالإضافة إلى المتغيرات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية الأخرى. الأساليب؛ وقد تم جمع البيانات من 455 من طلاب الطب من خلال توزيع استمارات الاستبيان (عينة مريحة) من نوفمبر 2011 - مارس 2012. النتائج؛ كان ما يقدر ب 6٪ من الطلاب في هذه الجامعة التفكير الانتحارية الحالية، مع أعلى تردد المبلغ عنها بين طلاب المرحلة الثالثة. نصف أولئك الذين لديهم التفكير بالانتحار (2.9٪ من العينة)، لديها خطة لارتكاب ذلك. أظهرت الاختلاف بين الجنسين ليس لها تأثير كبير على حدوث التفكير في الانتحار. الاستنتاجات؛ تسليط الأضواء على النتائج أهداف محتملة للتدخل المبكر بين طلاب الجامعات الطبية.

Author: Asmaa Ghanim Hussen, .Fatih Faiz Al-Khalidy
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 170-177
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Objectives and aims ; this study done on Hawler Medical University students. To assess the prevalence of suicide ideation among medical students. Comparing the prevalence distribution of suicide ideas among the different medical students’ stages, in addition to other sociodemographic variables. Methods; Data was collected from 455 medical students through distributing questionnaire forms (convenient sample) from November, 2011 – March,2012. Results; An estimated 6% of students at this university had current suicide ideation, with highest frequency being reported among third stage students. Half of those who have suicidal ideation (2.9% of the sample), have a plan to commit it. Gender variation had shown no significant impact on the incidence of suicidal ideation. Conclusions; Results highlight potential targets for early intervention among medical college students.

الأهداف والأهداف؛ هذه الدراسة أجريت على طلاب جامعة هولير الطبية. لتقييم مدى انتشار التفكير الانتحار بين طلاب الطب. بمقارنة توزيع انتشار الأفكار الانتحارية بين المراحل المختلفة طلاب الطب '، بالإضافة إلى المتغيرات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية الأخرى. الأساليب؛ وقد تم جمع البيانات من 455 من طلاب الطب من خلال توزيع استمارات الاستبيان (عينة مريحة) من نوفمبر 2011 - مارس 2012. النتائج؛ كان ما يقدر ب 6٪ من الطلاب في هذه الجامعة التفكير الانتحارية الحالية، مع أعلى تردد المبلغ عنها بين طلاب المرحلة الثالثة. نصف أولئك الذين لديهم التفكير بالانتحار (2.9٪ من العينة)، لديها خطة لارتكاب ذلك. أظهرت الاختلاف بين الجنسين ليس لها تأثير كبير على حدوث التفكير في الانتحار. الاستنتاجات؛ تسليط الأضواء على النتائج أهداف محتملة للتدخل المبكر بين طلاب الجامعات الطبية.


Article
Comparison Between The Efficacy of Different Medical Herbs on Cryptosporidium spp.

Authors: Mohammed Abdul-Aziz Kadir, Ph.D. --- Diab A. AI-Sawah, Ph.D. * --- Tawfiq Ibrahim Al-Alousi, Ph.D.
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-76
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objectives:The study was planned to show the effect of different medicinal plants extracts onCryptosporidium spp.Materials and Methods:The experimental study was performed in laboratory mice to show the efficacy ofdifferent medical plants extracts (Achillea fragrantissima, Artemisea herba-alba,Cardaria draba, Mentha longifolia , Olea europea, Prosopis farcta, Punicagranatum, Teucrium polium and Ziziphus spina-charisti on shedding ofCryptosporidium spp. oocysts.Results:In a study on the effect of medical plant extracts on the shedding of oocysts inmice, it was found that different medical plants extracts decrease the shedding ofCryptosporidium oocysts in mice. Using 250 mg / kg B.W., route it was shownthat the efficacy of Prosopis farcta (67.6 %) followed by Artemesia herba alba(57.7 %), Cardaria draba (35.9 %) and the lowest was Teucrium polium (12.7"/o) but Mentha longifolia had no effect. It was also shown that the efficacy ofmedical plants extracts (500 mg / kg B.W.) was higher than (250 mg / kg B.W.)in shedding of the parasite oocysts.In a study of the effect of plant extracts on the development of oocysts ofCryptosporidium in the macrophage in Rpm medium, it was found that theefficacy of Punica granatum (75.9%) was highest, followed by Prosopis farcta(67.1%) and Artimesia herba- alba (55%).Conclusions:The medical plant extracts have an effect on Cryptosporidium spp. Infection inalbino mice. The possibility of studying the therapeutic research onCryptospridium spp. in RPM medium.Key words: Efficacy, medical herbs, Cryptosporidium


Article
Perceptions of Seniors Toward Nosocomial Infections at College of Medicine Babylon

Author: Kareem Abed Mobashr
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 758-767
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of medical students toward nosocomial infections, in addition to, evaluation Curriculum through advising information of some items regarding HCAIs(Healthcare-associated infections) from which the medical students received their knowledge during college's study. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was carried out on the final year medical students from College of Medicine, which included (106) students, at University of Babylon (Babil -Iraq) in 2013.An anonymous questionnaire consisted of four sections, with 30 items. Students’ knowledge section was designed to explore students' knowledge toward nosocomial infections, while another section was designed to gather information about student's behavior, to explore student attitudes toward precautionary guidelines and perception of the risk of acquiring healthcare-associated infections by multiples questions and to evaluate advising information of some items on healthcare-associated infections for students. The Chi-square test was used for significance, a P-value (<0.05) is considered statistically significant and p <0.01 is considered highly significant. Results: The study showed the overall average of the medical students' knowledge was (68.34%) about healthcare-associated infections, however, the knowledge regarding specific areas was weak, particularly concerning the risk of transmission of infection to the hospital personnel (41.5%) and stethoscopeas a potential source of infections (43.86%). In general, their behaviors were adequate (69.38%) to reduce the risk of infections, whereas, wearing protective materials when contact with patient sometimes were only (49.06%) of them do that. Generally the attitudes were positive (68.68%).Females had (48.87%) better attitudes than males (19.81%). Advising information about some items of healthcare-associated infectionsare generally acceptable (50, 65%), however, about (39.62 %) of the students sometimes have been advised toward safety intravenous inserted devices and only (22.16 %) of them have been advised about stethoscope cleaning.Conclusions: The students have adequate knowledge, positive attitudes and adequate behaviors to reduce nosocomial infections; however, advising information about some items of healthcare-associated infectionswas generally acceptable. These findings emphasize the need of stressing on education about this sort of infections in the health care curricula.

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