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Article
Bacteraemia Following Different Orthodontic Treatment Procedure

Author: Mustafa M. Al-Khatieeb* BDS, MSc
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 2 Pages: 130-135
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: since the occurrence of transient bacteraemia is fatal following different dental procedures in patients at-risk of bacterial endocarditis, the purpose of this research was to estimate the percentage and nature of bacteraemia following four orthodontic treatment procedures which were: an upper alginate impression, separator placement, band fitting or placement, and arch wire adjustment on a fixed appliance.Materials and methods: the study group consisted of 40 patients (25 females and 15 males) ranging from 17-25 years of age attending Orthodontic Department in the College of Dentistry/Baghdad University, and out patients department from private clinic. The 40 patients were divided into four groups (10 patients each). A cannula was inserted into either the left or right antecubital fossa using an aseptic technique. A 5ml of blood was taken immediately before orthodontic treatment procedure and a second 5ml sample was taken 1-2 minutes after the procedure.Results: the blood samples showed a percentage of bacteraemia of 50%, 40%, 30%, and 20% in cases of post-band placement, post-separator placement, post-arch wire adjustment, and post-alginate impression procedures respectively.Conclusion: this investigation demonstrated that the placement of separator and fitting of band procedures could cause a significant bacteraemia, thus these procedures for patients at–risk of bacterial endocarditis should be placed in consideration, and prescribe the necessarily antibiotic coverage.


Article
Bacteraemia Following Different Orthodontic Treatment Procedures

Author: Dr. Mustafa Monim Al-Khatieeb , B.D.S,M.Sc. * د. مصطفى منعم
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 117-124
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to estimate the percentage and nature of bacteraemia following four orthodontic treatment procedures which were: an upper alginate impression, separator placement, band fitting or placement, and arch wire adjustment on a fixed appliance. The study group consisted of 40 patients (25 females and 15 males) ranging from 17-25 years of age attending Orthodontic Department in the College of Dentistry/Baghdad University, and out patients department from private clinic. The 40 patients were divided into four groups (10 patients each). A cannula was inserted into either the left or right antecubital fossa using an aseptic technique. A 5ml of blood was taken immediately before orthodontic treatment procedure and a second 5ml sample was taken 1-2 minutes after the procedure.The blood samples showed a percentage of bacteraemia of 50%, 40%, 30%, and 20% in cases of post-band placement, post-separator placement, post-arch wire adjustment, and post-alginate impression procedures respectively.This investigation demonstrated that the placement of separator and fitting of band procedures could cause a significant bacteraemia, thus these procedures for patients at–risk of bacterial endocarditis should be placed in consideration, and the orthodontist should be advised to consult the patient's medical specialist for controlling and prescribing the necessarily antibiotic coverage.


Article
Early Oral Feeding Following Intestinal Surgery is it Safe?
البدء المبكر لتناول الطعام بعد العمليات الجراحية الخاصة بالامعاء

Author: Muqdad Fuad Abd.Alkareem مقداد فؤاد عبد الكريم
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2013 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 77-81
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: A period of starvation (“nil by mouth”) is common practice after gastrointestinal surgery during which an intestinal anastomosis has been formed. The stomach is decompressed with a nasogastric tube and intravenous fluids are given, with oral feeding being introduced as gastric dysmotility resolves. The rationale of nil by mouth is to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting and to protect the anastomosis, allowing it a time to heal before being stressed by foodAim of the Study: To assess the safety, tolerability, and outcome of early oral feeding after intestinal procedures.Patients and Method: This is a prospective study of 60 patients underwent intestinal surgery over a period of one year and 9 months (January 2009-september 2010) in Baquba Teaching Hospital, reviewed for the safety, tolerability and outcome of early oral feeding following intestinal surgery. Both of emergency and elective surgeries are included in the study.Results: Early oral intake can be tolerated by most of the patients with intestinal surgeries.Conclusion: Early oral feeding is a safe practice and is devoid of complications as repeated vomiting or fecal fistula.

ان جعل المريض الذي اجريت له العملية الجراحية في الامعاء صائما لعدة ايام هو اجراء روتيني متبع من قبل معظم الاطباء الجراحين ومنذ وقت طويل وحتى الان . وكاجراء روتيني احترازي اخر يتم وضع الأنبوبه الانفية المعدية لابقاء المعدة والامعاء فارغة وكل ذلك يهدف الى عدم وصول محتويات الأمعاء للمكان الذي تم تقطيبه في الامعاء لاعطائه الوقت الكافي للالتئام لمنع فشل التقطيب وتسرب محتويات الأمعاء الى تجويف البطن ولمنع التقيؤ المستمر فيما اذا اعطي المريض الطعام مبكرا . الهدف من الدراسة 1-اثبات أن بدء تناول الطعام والسوائل مبكرا ( بعد 24 ساعة من العملية ) بـــــــــعد عمليات خياطة الامعاء هو اجراء امن لايضر بالجرح الذي تم خياطته.2-اثبات قدرة المريض على تحمل البدء المبكر لتناول الطعام والسوائل من دون ان يعاني من التقيؤ المستمر طريقة عمل البحث : هذه دراسة مستقبلية لستين مريضا خضعوا للعمليات الجراحية في الامعاء الدقيقة والغليضة. تباينت العمليات الجراحية مابين خياطة جرح او عدة جروح في الامعاء او اعادة ربط الامعاء .تضــــمـــنت الدراسة كلا من الحالات الطارئة والباردة . تمت الدراسة في م. بعقوبة التعليمي للفترة من كانون الثاني 2009 – كانون الاول 2010 النتائج : لم تتاثر عملية التئام الجرح المقطب في الامعاء ولم تكن هناك مضاعفات مثل ناسورالامعاء او التقيؤ المستمر الاستنتاج : ان البدء باعطاء السوائل والطعام مبكرا ( بعد 24 ساعة )من اجراء عمليات جراحية في الامعاء هو اجراء امن ويمكن تحمله من قبل اغلبية المرضى بدون تقيؤ.


Article
Myringoplasty [Risk factors and the effect of post operative follow up on the outcome of success rate in Erbil / Kurdistan of Iraq]
Myringoplasty [عوامل الخطر وتأثير المتابعة اللاحقة للعمليات الجراحية على نتائج معدل النجاح في أربيل / كوردستان العراق]

Authors: Lana abdulrazak Dabbagh --- Arsalan A. Mustafa Shem --- Said M. Said Al-Jaaf
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 12-20
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: The presence of a perforated tympanic membrane with intermittent discharge and hearing loss of conductive type are the indication for myringoplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors in candidates for myringoplasty and to evaluate the post operative myringoplasty success rate results in our local region in Erbil/Kurdistan, Iraq. The second objective is to appraise and assess the effect of close observation and post operative treatment and follow up on this result, to increase the success rate.Methods: A prospective study, randomly taken 68 patients with unilateral perforated tympanic membrane, who are candidates for myringoplasty; patients of different age groups ranging [16 -55] years old, of different gender 30 males and 38 females., having dry unilateral perforated tympanic membrane of more than 3 months, underwent myringoplasty [underlay] between may 2006 and April 2009 at Rizgary teaching Hospital. Measurement of the post operative results and outcome were depend on the take rate and the hearing level at the last follow up visit in different time postoperatively and with dry clean non infected operated ear.Results: Small, dry posterior perforation, with postauricular approach in well pneumatized mastoid and in well educated non-smoker patient with close observation post-operatively using BIPP has better success rate. The success rate increased from 72% in the 1st postoperative visit to 88% in the last postoperative visit.Conclusion:-To increase the success rate, its necessary to determine the factors that affect the success rate preoperatively, also close observation with meticulous toilet of the operated ear post-operatively using BIPP is necessary to increase the success rate.


Article
The effect of the eternal organizational procedures in result of the organizational conflict
تأثير الاليات التنظيمية الداخلية في نواتج الصراع

Author: Khalil I. Issa خليل ابراهيم عيسى
Journal: Managerial Studies Journal دراسات ادارية ISSN: 98612076 Year: 2010 Volume: 3 Issue: 6 Pages: 53-79
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The research aimed study the effect of the eternal organizational procedures in positive result of the organizational conflict.The research take position in Shatt alarab university college in Basrah depending at the following hypothecs achieving the positive result of the organizational procedures .To reach the goal and prove the hypothecs validity the research employed to kind of methods the first one consist of presenting the actual conflict observations and the ways of solve it.The second one depend on employing a pre-judged and pre-experimented questioner for diagnoses the most effecting external organizational procedures on the positive result of the organizational conflict .The research reach to many important conclusions and the most important conclusions are (the organization culture reasons are the most effective reason son the organizational and (the chatting،explain and convincing are the most effective tools in achieving the positive result of organizational conflict ) .

يهدف البحث إلى معرفة مدى تأثير الآليات التنظيمية الداخلية في تحقيق النتائج الايجابية للصراع التنظيمي، اجري البحث في كلية شط العرب الجامعة في البصرة، واعتمد فرضية مفادها ( يعتمد تحقيق النواتج الايجابية للصراع على استخدام الآليات التنظيمية الداخلية (آليات التماسك الداخلي ) في إدارة الصراع )، واتبع البحث لإغراض تحقيق الهدف واثبات صدق الفرضية طريقتين، تضمنت الأولى عرض للظواهر الفعلية للصراع في الكلية وطرائق معالجته، وتضمنت الطريقة الثانية استبانة محكمة ومختبره لتشخيص الاليات التنظيمية الأكثر تأثيرا في النواتج الايجابية للصراع، توصل البحث الى مجموعة نتائج في اهمها ( ان الصراع للأسباب الثقافية هو الأكثر هيمنة في الكلية مقارنة بالاسباب الاخرى ) وان اليات المحاورة والتقارب والتوضيح هي الأكثر تأثيرا في تحقيق النتائج الايجابية للصراع التنظيمي


Article
Assyrian Precautionary Procedures Taken in Serious Circumstances
الإجراءات الاحترازية الآشورية في الظروف القاهرة

Author: Assyrian Precautionary Procedure أزهار هاشم شيت
Journal: College Of Basic Education Researches Journal مجلة ابحاث كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 19927452 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 367-380
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This research attempts to shed light on the position of the ruling authority in Assyria during the natural disasters or catastrophes as a result of wars affecting the general trend of daily life. People became homeless and need assistance because they suffer from the ravages of disaster and they became prived of shelter, clothing, housing and medical care and all the needs of daily life. The present research deals also with the precautionary procedures that were taken by the authorities in Assyria, in anticipation of such happenings.It must be mentioned that the ruling authorities are striving to provide the requirements for life for its citizens as well as the supply of humanitarian aid, rebuilding what was destroyed. These authorities did their best in order to carry out the rituals and religious edicts such as the prayers and rituals and offerings to prevent the evil and harm from the Kingdom as a whole and from the person of the King and his subjects. They also passed laws and legislations to protect the rights and property of distressed families and individuals who have been affected by war or disaster. Finally, they did their best in order to build the kingdom and the temples. This was considered as the social security for widows and orphans who were homeless.

تم في هذا البحث إلقاء الضوء على موقف السلطة الحاكمة في بلاد أشور أثناء حدوث الكوارث الطبيعية أو الدمار الناجم من الحروب وتأثيراتها على نمط الحياة اليومية للأفراد الذين كانوا يتعرضون للأذى عند عدم وجود مورد غذائي لهم أو يصبحون دون مأوى ويحتاجون الى تقديم المساعدة لهم فضلا عن ذلك معاناتهم من ويلات هذه الكوارث فيفتقرون الى الملجأ والملبس والعناية الطبية وتوفير احتياجات الحياة الضرورية ,والسبل الكفيلة لاتخاذ الإجراءات الاحترازية( ) التي كانت تتخذها السلطات في بلاد اشور تحسبا من وقوع مثل هذه الأخطار, فكانت السلطات الحاكمة تسعى جاهدة الى توفير مستلزمات العيش لرعاياها فضلا عما كانت تقدمه من مساعدات إنسانية أو إعادة بناء ما تهدم وتعميره أو ما كانت تقوم به من طقوس ومراسيم دينية كإقامة الصلوات والشعائر وتقديم القرابين لدفع الشر وإبعاد الأذى عن المملكة بأسرها وعن شخص الملك ورعاياه ، فضلا عما كانت تقوم من سن القوانين والتشريعات لحماية حقوق وأموال الأسر والأفراد المنكوبين الذين تضرروا من الحروب أو الكوارث كما ان تشييد المملكة وبناءها للمعابد كان أيضا بمثابة شبكة أمان اجتماعي للأرامل والأيتام الذين لا مأوى لهم.


Article
Minimally Invasive Splenectomy for splenomegaly by traditional technique:A comparative study with conventional laparoscopic Splenectomy

Authors: Fadhil A. MuhiAldeen فاضل احمد محي الدين --- Kalandar H. Kasnazan
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2013 Volume: 9 Issue: 15 Pages: 97-107
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Minimally invasive surgery is a well known advantageous technique to all health systems, it is still possible to do minimal invasive technique, without using expensive equipments and its burden regarding; cost, maintenance and other disadvantages. This study was performed to compare minimally invasive surgery with classical traditional surgical technique in the aspects of reduced post-operative pain, shorter hospital stay and shorter convalescence period. In this study our cases underwent splenectomy through small incisions, which are almost equal to laparoscopic procedures and compared to equal number of cases underwent splenectomy through classical traditional technique. Decisions for splenectomy were made by physicians for a variety of well known disease status that complete cure or improvement will be gained by splenectomy. In this study, eighteen cases were studied, from which nine were males (mean age34.3±20.45) and nine were females (mean age=21.6±15.99). Nine of them were underwent splenectomy through minimally invasive incisions, the other group splenectomized through classical traditional incisions. The first group was discharged earlier; need much lesser narcotic medication and shorter convalescence period. In summary, compared to conventional classical method approach, Minimally Invasive Splenectomy is significantly facilitates the surgical procedure, reduces the risk and difficulty in the cases of splenomegaly. So this technique is more feasible and more effective than conventional clasical method for the removing of the splenomegaly.

الجراحات الغازية الحد الأدنىMinimally invasive surgery) )هو أسلوب معروف لجميع النظم الصحية، فإنه لا يزال من الممكن القيام بالتقنية الغازية الحد الأدنى، من دون استخدام معدات باهظة التكاليف والأعباء التي تتعلق؛بالتكلفة والصيانة وغيرها من المشاكل. وقد أجريت هذه الدراسة للمقارنة بين الجراحات مع التقنية الكلاسيكية الجراحية التقليدية في جوانب قلة الألم بعد العملية، البقاء لفترة أقصر في المستشفى وقصرفترة النقاهة. في هذه الدراسة تم استئصال الطحال من خلال فتحات صغيرة، والتي هي على قدم المساواة تقريبالإجراء العمليات بالمنظار، وبالمقارنة مع عدد متساو من الحالات التي خضعت لاستئصال الطحال من خلال التقنية التقليدية الكلاسيكية. واتخذت قرارات لاستئصال الطحال من قبل الأطباءالمختصين لمجموعة متنوعة من الحالات المرضية المعروف جيدا أن تكتسب الشفاء التام أوتتحسن بعد استئصال الطحال. في هذه الدراسة، تمت دراسة 18 حالة وخضع تسعة منهم استئصال الطحال من خلال شقوق صغيرة،وخضع البقية منهم لاستئصال الطحال من خلال الشقوق التقليدية الكلاسيكية. وتم تسريح المجموعة الأولى في وقت مبكر، واحتاجوالى الادوية المخدرة بنسب أقل بكثير وكانت فترة نقاهتم اقصر.


Article
Administrative and Legal Procedures and Ways of Addressing the Land Crisis in Baghdad, 1932-1938
الإجراءات الإدارية والقانونية وسبل معالجتها لآزمة الأراضي في بغداد 1932-1938

Author: Dr.Ahmed Abd AlWahed ا.م.د احمد عبدالواحد عبدالنبي
Journal: Arab Scientific Heritage Journal مجلة التراث العلمي العربي ISSN: 22215808 Year: 2018 Volume: 2 Issue: 37 Pages: 135-162
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Administrative and Legal Procedures and Ways of Addressing the Land Crisis in Baghdad, 1932-1938Dr.Ahmed Abd AlWahedCenter Revival of Arabian Science Heritage-University of BaghdadAbstractThe legal and political developments in the land problem in Baghdad for the period 1932-1938 were characterized by the issuance of three laws: Law No. 50 of 1932 - Law No. 51 of 1932 - Law No. 29 of 1938, and during our study of legal and political developments in the problem Land in Baghdad 1932-1938, Department of research on three topics dealt with the first section of the position of the British authority of the problem of land The second section examined the Settlement Law No. 50 of 1932 and Law No. 51 of 1932.The third topic deals with explaining the dimensions and details of two important laws: the Farmers' Rights and Duties Act No. 28 of 1933 and the amendment of the Settlement Law, the Law for the Settlement of Agricultural Land Rights No. 29 of 1938.

الملخص شكلت السيطرة العثمانية على العراق حقبة تاريخية مهمة ، حيث وضعت فيها ركائز عدد كبير من الأنظمة الأدارية فغدت الأساس للتنظيمات فيما بعد ومنها الإجراءات الإدارية والقانونية وسبل معالجتها لآزمة الأراضي في بغداد1938-1932.


Article
Neonatal Infection in the Neonatal Unit at Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Iraq

Author: Batool A. Al-Shawii
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 295-297
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:In Iraq, the true magnitude of the neonatal infection among newborns receiving care is not known as health system was badly eroded in the last two decades. This work was carried out to find factors associated with neonatal infection among newborns receiving care in intensive unit.METHODS:The records of a total of 723 neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive unit at Baghdad teaching hospital during the period Nov. 2003 to Oct. 2004 were reviewed. Information regarded birth weight, gestational age, medical history of the mothers, bacterial infections and management procedures were collected.RESULTS:Out of the total neonates, 9.3% had bacterial infection. Low birth weight, prematurity and prolonged rupture of membrane were factors significantly associated with bacterial infection (p = 0.001, 0.002 and 0.03, respectively). Oxygen therapy, invasive procedures, and the nasogastric tube (p = 0.01) were significantly associated with infection. S. aureus, enterbacter and E. coli were the commonest pathogens.CONCLUSION:The study provides useful information for future surveillance in association with preventive program as there were several factors associated with neonatal infection which could be prevented.


Article
A clinical comparative evaluation between upper and lower first molar apicectomy procedures (A retrospective trial).

Authors: Wafaa K Fathi --- Wael T Al Wattar
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 381-389
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Aims: The aim of this retrospective clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the upper and lower first molar apicectomy procedures in terms based on certain clinical criteria selected. Materials and Meth-ods: This clinical trial was conducted at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery / College of Dentistry / University of Mosul. The sample recruited was composed of forty healthy subjects who required apicectomy procedures on either an upper or lower fist molar. The sample was subdivided into two groups of twenty subjects each. The first group comprised those patients where root end resection ( apicectomy ) on an upper first molar tooth was required. The second group included those patients who required an apicectomy procedure on one of their lower first molar tooth . Criteria that were eval-uated and compared included pain, swelling and trismus which were evaluated on the first operative day, second, third and seventh postoperative day. Results: A significant difference was observed be-tween recall visits in regard to the pain level of mandibular procedures and was also observed in maxil-lary procedures. In regard to pain level assessment between mandibular and maxillary procedures, a significant difference was observed with pain levels higher in mandibular procedures for the second and third day when compared to maxillary procedures. A significant difference was observed between recall visits in regard to swelling of soft tissue of mandibular and maxillary procedures. Concerning grade of swelling assessment between mandibular and maxillary procedures, a significant difference was observed with swelling of soft tissue higher in mandibular procedures on the second and third day when compared to maxillary procedures. A significant difference was observed for limitation of mouth opening in mandibular procedures between recall visits specifically on the first and second day but was not observed in maxillary procedures. When comparing between upper and lower surgical procedures, a significant difference was observed in trismus specially on the second and third post-operative day and which was more pronounced in mandibular procedures. Conclusions: It seems that complications following root end resection on lower first molar teeth are more evident when compared to the upper first molar region, but only in the first few days following surgery. However, such complications were tolerable to the patient and can be overcome by medications and exercise. Such complications should not hinder the oral surgeon from performing endodontic surgery on posterior teeth when indicated

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