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Article
Prevalence of Schneirder’s First Rank Symptoms in Iraqi Schizophrenic Patients

Author: Kareem Nasir Hussain
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2013 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 1600-1607
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder defined in term of abnormal clinicalfeature of behavior, affect, thinking and perception. Kurt Schneider 1887-1967divided schizophrenic symptoms into 1st or 2nd rank are entirely devoid of anytherapy and are intended purely pragmatically diagnostically.Objectives (aims): To determine the prevalence of Schneider’s First Rank Symptoms in Iraqi schizophrenic patients and explain the finding on a cultural basis.Method: A cross sectional study that enrolled 76 schizophrenic patients treated as inpatient in Psychiatric Unit in Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospital from1 May 2012 to 1 Jun. 2013, who met the diagnosis of schizophrenia according to ICD-10 and Schneider’s First Rank Symptoms according to C. S. Mellor . All patients were examined within a maximum of four days from admission to the hospital.Results: This study revealed that 55% of them have clear First Rank Symptoms. Thecommonest was somatic passivity, thought broadcast, commentary voices and thoughtinsertion.Conclusion: First Rank Symptoms are of value in the routine clinic diagnosis ofschizophrenia in Iraq.Phenomenology or descriptive psychopathology is of vital importance and it needsexperience and training to help better clinical diagnosis of psychiatric disorder.NOTE: FRS: First Rank Symptoms.


Article
Probabilistic Approach to Machine-Components Grouping in Celluar Manufacturing Systems

Author: Zuhair I.A. Al-Daoud
Journal: Journal of Engineering مجلة الهندسة ISSN: 17264073 25203339 Year: 2006 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 151-161
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

In this paper existing group technology techniques are reviewed and an alternative method using probabilistic approach to machine-components grouping in cellular manufacturing systems is introduced where it is based on production flow analysis, which uses routing information. A common feature of this approach is that it sequentially rearranges row and columns of the machine part incidence matrix according to predefined index and block diagonal is generated. The steps of this method are to assign the 1's in each row and column a probability weight, which alternately rearranged in descending order until a block diagonal matrix is created. It does not need to decide in advance the number of required cells. It also overcomes the limitation of computational complexity, inherited in exiting group technology methods, especially for large scale and complex problems.

يتناول البحث دراسة لطرق تكوين التكنولوجية ومن ثم طرح طريقة جديدة باستعمال الاحتمالية في تكوين المجاميع التكنولوجية في الخلايا التصنيعية التي يتكون منها المصنع. ان الطريقة تعتمد على التسلسل التكنولوجي للاجزاء المكونة للمنتجات المراد تجميعها في المجاميع التكنولوجية. ان هذه الطريقة تقوم في اعادة تنظيم السطر والعواميد للمصفوفة المكونة للاجزاء والمكائن التي تنتج عليها وبالتالي تكوين مصفوفة من مجاميع مستقلة. في هذه نقوم بتخصيص احتمالية لكل من الاجزاء التي تعمل على المكائن ومن ثم تنظيمها لحين ظهور مجاميع مستقلة للأجزاء العاملة على المكائن. ان هذه الطريقة لاتحتاج الى تحديد العدد المطلوب من الخلايا. وفي الوقت نفسه تتجاوز الصعوبات المترتبة في الحسابات،والتي تعاني منها الطرق المعروفة حاليا وخاصة في الخلايا التي تحوي على عدد كبير من الاجزاء والمكائن.


Article
Implementation of the skip list data structure with it's update operations
تنفيذ هياكل البيانات لقائمة التخطي مع عمليات التحديث عليها

Author: Maha shakir Ibrahim مها شاكر إبراهيم
Journal: Journal of College of Education for Women مجلة كلية التربية للبنات ISSN: Print ISSN 16808738 /E ISSN: 2663547X Year: 2013 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 586-592
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

A skip list data structure is really just a simulation of a binary search tree. Skip lists algorithm are simpler, faster and use less space. this data structure conceptually uses parallel sorted linked lists. Searching in a skip list is more difficult than searching in a regular sorted linked list. Because a skip list is a two dimensional data structure, it is implemented using a two dimensional network of nodes with four pointers. the implementation of the search, insert and delete operation taking a time of upto . The skip list could be modified to implement the order statistic operations of RANK and SEARCH BY RANK while maintaining the same expected time.

ان قوائم التخطي هي من نوع هياكل البيانات التي تبدو مشابهة في طريقة تنفيذها للأشجار المتوازنة . خوارزمية عمل قوائم التخطي تكون أبسط و أسرع و تستخدم مساحة أقل. في قوائم التخطي تستخدم قوائم مترابطة و مرتبة و بشكل متواز. البحث في قوائم التخطي يكون أصعب من البحث في القوائم المترابطة المرتبة الاعتيادية. و لأن قوائم التخطي هي ان من نوع هياكل البيانات ثنائية البعدين, فهي تنفذ باستخدام شبكة ثنائية البعدين من العقد المكونة من أربعة مؤشرات. تنفيذ خوارزميات البحث , الادخال و الحذف تأخذ لوغارتيم(ن) من الوقت. كذلك من الممكن تغيير قوائم التخطي لتنفيذ عمليات تحديد المرتبة و البحث بالمرتبة مع المحافظة على نفس الوقت المستغرق.


Article
Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test for Serum Thyroid Hormones

Author: Amal Shaker Hameed University Huda Mahdi Ahmed Collage of Engineering/ Diyala
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 77 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:In this work, we apply Wilcoxon singed-rank test upon three nonparametric random samples taken from serum thyroxin hormones which are T.S.H, T3,and T4 respectively with each sample size n=25, to test the hypothesis about population mean and tabulate the data. After applying the test we conclude that the chosen population means are accepted for all samples.


Article
E–Voting System based on Secret Sharing Scheme

Authors: N. M. G. Al-Saidi --- M. M. Abdulhadi
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 13-18
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The electoral process is considered as one of the important and sensitive operations that take place from time to time in all countries of the world and need to be protected. The importance of the electronic voting came because, it provides a maintaining for the secrecy of the vote, as well as, the speed, accuracy and credibility of the vote counts. This is due to the growing of the technology that always needs for electronic process and for new approaches to achieve high security. In this paper, a new E-voting system is designed based on secret sharing scheme. The new protocol is implemented to show its efficiency in terms of computational time and cost.


Article
ترقية رجل الشرطة في قانون الخدمة والتقاعد لقوى الأمن الداخلي المرقم بالعدد 18 لسنة 2011 المعدل

Author: كاظم عناد حسن الجبوري
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2018 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 21-33
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The legislator obligated the policeman to be fully ready for doing his job perfectly in interior security forces, in return he got from it many rights and privileges, get promoted in rank is one of them. Since promotion is considered one of the important topics that come first among ambitions of the police man either was officer or a cop, due to its moral and material benefits in the same time, so we have researched this subject within a plan included a preliminary request in the importance of policeman promotion in the modified law of retirement and service no.(8) for the year (2011) , plus to two sections , first one was specified for studying the promotion of officers and the second section for studying promotion of the police staff, then the epilogue which included most important results and suggestions that we got plus to a list of references and an abstract in both languages Arabic and English.

ألزم المشرع رجل الشرطة بالتفرغ التام لأعمال وظيفته في قوى الأمن الداخلي ، ومنحه مقابل ذلك عدداً من الحقوق والامتيازات ، منها حقه في الترقية الى رتبة أو درجة أعلى .وبما أن الترقية تعد من الموضوعات المهمة التي تتصدر طموحات رجل الشرطة سواء أكان ضابطاً أم منتسباً ، لما فيها من عوائد مادية ومعنوية في آن واحد ، فقد بحثنا هذا الموضوع بموجب خطة تضمنت مطلباً تمهيدياً في ماهية ترقية رجل الشرطة في قانون الخدمة والتقاعد لقوى الأمن الداخلي المرقم بالعدد 18 لسنة 2011 المعدل ، فضلاً عن مبحثين خصص أولهما لبحث ترقية الضباط ، وثانيهما لبحث ترقية المنتسبين ، ومن ثم خاتمة تضمنت أهم النتائج والمقترحات التي خلصنا إليها إضافة الى قائمة بالمصادر وموجز باللغتين العربية والانكليزية .


Article
Using some methods to solve the problem of fuzzy transportation and suggest a new method
استعمال بعض الطرائق الخاصة لحل نماذج النقل الضبابية ومقارنتها مع الطريقة المقترحة

Authors: Abbas Hussein Batikh عباس حسين بطيخ --- Sarmad Alwan Saleh سرمد علوان صالح
Journal: JOURNAL OF MADENAT ALELEM COLLEGE مجلة كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة ISSN: 2073,2295 Year: 2014 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 30-46
Publisher: City College of Science University كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة

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Abstract

This research aims to review some methods to solve the problems of fuzzy transportation and suggest a new method. This study Have compared the proposed method with three methods published in international journals with a complete solution to these methods using the (QSB)software, and compare these results with the proposed method by giving an examples in the case of the balanced and unbalanced models. The new method is the second best method after method ranks and also used real data for the application of the methods of the three in one of factories for the production and distribution of dairy, and distribution of products to the agents in the government if the data is fuzzy

يهدف هذا البحث الى استعراض بعض طرائق حل مشاكل النقل الضبابي وكذلك اقتراح طريقة حل جديدة من اعداد الباحث , اذا تم من خلال البحث مقارنة الطريقة المقترحة مع ثلاث طرائق منشورة في بحوث رصينة وحل الطرق الثلاثة باستخدام البرنامج الجاهز winqsb ومقارنة النتائج مع الطريقة المقترحة من خلال اعطاء مثال مثال في حالة المتوازنة والغير متوازنة اذ اثبتت الطريقة المقترحة ثاني افضل طريقة بعد طريقة الرتب كذلك تم استخدام الطرق الثلاث على بيانات حقيقية على احدى المعامل الاهلية لانتاج الالبان لتوزيع الالبان وهي (لبن كانون) وتوزيع المنتج على وكلاء المنتج المتواجدين في المحافظات اذ ان طبيعة البيانت تكون ضبابية.


Article
Rank Shift in English and Arabic Texts
تدني الرتبة في النصوص الانجليزية والعربية

Author: Hala Khalid Najim هالة خالد نجم
Journal: Journal Of Al-Frahedis Arts مجلة آداب الفراهيدي ISSN: 26638118 (Online) | 20749554 (Print) Year: 2020 Volume: 12 Issue: 40 Pages: 674-691
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The paper is an investigation of the grammatical process of rank shift in English and Arabic texts. The theoretical framework of Systemic Functional Grammar outlined by the English linguist Halliday in his book with Matthissen (2004) based in turn on Halliday (1994) will be adopted in this paper.The paper aims to apply rank shift to English and Arabic texts. It is a pilot study focusing on this phenomenon as a step to the ongoing description of Arabic grammar in terms of Systemic Functional Grammar. It is hypothesized that English and Arabic clauses and groups can be downgraded. Moreover, the data analysis reveals that this grammatical phenomenon can be seen in both languages. The paper concludes that successive rank shifting is observed in English and Arabic texts.

يعد هذا البحث دراسة للعملية النحوية لتدني الرتبة في النصوص الانجليزية والعربية. تتبنى هذه الدراسة الاطار النظري للنحو الوظيفي النظامي الذي وضع اسسه العالم اللغوي الانكليزي هاليداي في كتابه مع ماتيسن والمنشور في (2004) والذي اعتمد بشكل اساسي على هاليداي (1994). يهدف البحث الى تطبيق ظاهرة تدني الرتبة في النصوص الانجليزية والعربية. هذا وتعد دراسة اولية استكشافية تركز على هذه الظاهرة كخطوة لوصف النحو العربي باطار النحو الوظيفي النظامي, حيث يفترض الباحث انه من الممكن ان تعمل الجمل والعبارات الانكليزية والعربية في رتب ادنى . بالاضافة الى ذلك, يكشف التحليل عن وجود ظاهرة تدني الرتبة في اللغتين الانكليزية والعربية .كما ويستنتج الباحث ان تدني الرتب المتعاقب موجود في النصوص الانجليزية والعربية ايضا.


Article
Use of Ascetic Fluid Cholesterol as a Marker to Differentiate between Types of Ascetic Fluid

Authors: Dr. Hamed S. Mahdi --- Dr. Hasan Ali AlKhersan --- Dr. Sadiq Jabar Ali
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 83-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:- Cholesterol is high in ascetic fluid due to malignancy and other causes of exudates.
Objective:-To use cholesterol as a marker to differentiate between exudative and transudative ascetic fluid and to compare that with other routine parameters.
Methods:-Twenty eight patients were included in this study 17 females with mean age of 41.9 years, 11 males with mean age of 48.2 years. The patients were divided in group I suspected transudate, and group II suspected exudate according to history and clinical examination.
Ascetic fluid samples were sent for total protein, albumin, and cholesterol measurement blood samples were sent for serum protein and albumin measurement.
Results:-In this study ascetic fluid cholesterol was fit with history and clinical examination to differentiate between exudative and transudative ascetic fluid.
Cholesterol was a good marker when compared with ascetic fluid total protein and ascetic serum protein ratio in group I, but not in the others.
Conclusion: - cholesterol can be used as a marker for the diagnosis of a cites cases but a large number of patients is important for accurate results
Key word:-Ascites, exudate, transudate, cholesterol


Article
Rate of Schneiderian First Rank Symptoms amongNewly Diagnosed Schizophrenic Patients

Authors: Twana A. Rahim --- Abdul-Rasoul Al-Yasiri
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 83-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Schneiderian first rank symptoms are considered highly valuable in the diagnosis of schneideria.
They are more evident in the acute phase of the disorder and fading gradually with time. Many studies have shown that the rate of these symptoms are variable in different countries and are colored by cultural beliefs and values.
Objectives: To find out the rate of Schneiderian first rank symptoms among newly diagnosed schizophrenic patients, to assess which symptom(s) might predominate in those patients, and to find out if there is/are any correlation(s) between the occurrence of these symptoms and the sex of the patients.
Methods: Out of twenty-four patients with no past psychiatric history and whom were diagnosed as Schizophrenia for their first time depending on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-4th Edition-Text Revised criteria for diagnosis were evaluated for the presence of Schneiderian First Rank Symptoms by using a semi-structured interview schedule.
Results: Out of twenty -three patients (54.7%) had present with one or more Schneiderian First Rank Symptoms.' Third person Hallucinatory Voices", "running Commentary Hallucinatory Voices', and " Somatic Passivity" were present more frequently than other symptoms.
The study revealed no sex differences in regard of the occurrences of the Schneiderian (FRS). More than 82% of those who had the symptoms showed more than one symptom.
Conclusions: Many factors influence the presence or absence of Schneiderian First Rank Symptoms among schizophrenic patients including the criteria selected for the diagnosis of the disorder, the tools adopted for the detection of these symptoms, the duration of the illness, and probably patient's cultural background.
Although there are individual differences of First Rank Symptoms among different cultures, still we expect certain symptoms to be present more than others. The influence of cultural factors in altering the basic symptoms of psychiatric illnesses is of great importance.
Key Words: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-4th Edition-ext Revised (DSM-IV-TR), First Rank Symptoms (SFRS), American Psychiatric Association (APA), International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia (IPSS), International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

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