research centers


Search results: Found 45

Listing 1 - 10 of 45 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by

Article
Rupture Uterus in Pregnancy and Labour in Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital
انفجار الرحم اثناء الحمل والولادة

Author: Esraa hameed د. اسراء حميد
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 110-113
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract:Background: Uterine rupture in pregnancy is a rare and often catastrophic complication with high incidence of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Several factors are known to increase the risk of uterine rupture, but even in high sub groups the overall incidence of rupture uterus is lowObjective: This study aimed to identify the frequency of rupture uterus, predisposing factors for the rupture uterus and to determine maternal and fetal outcome..Patients & Method: A retrospective review of the records from January 2004 till January 2009. Frequency, predisposing factors associated with rupture uterus and complications were determined.Result: Total number of deliveries was 41714. There were 40 cases of rupture uterus, given a rate of 96/100000 deliveries Stimulation of uterus by oxytocic drug 40%, previous Cesareans section 40%, other predisposing factors were: grand-multiparity (7.5%), uterine abnormality (5%), abnormal fetal lie (5%) and fetal abnormality (2.5%). Conclusion:-Previous caesarean section and over stimulation of uterus with oxytocic drug are considered the most common causes for rupture uterusKey word: Rupture uteru

الملخص:الهدف من الدراسة/ تحديد نسبة حدوث انفجار الرحم /معرفة عوامل الخطورة /المضاعفات الناتجة على الام والجنين في م اليرموك التعليميطريقة الدراسة :دراسة رجاعية من كانون الثاني 2004 لغاية كانون الثاني 2009/نسبةحدوث انفجار الرحم واسبابها ومضاعفاتهاالنتائج: كان هناك اربعون حالة لانفجار الرحم بنسبة0.96 لكل الف حالة ولادة/مسببات انفجار الرحم كانت الولادة القيصرية السابقة وبنسبة 40% وتحفيزالتقلصات الرحميةالعالي باستخدام عقار اوكسيتوسين بنسبة 40%/ وضع الجنين الغير طبيعي داخل الرحم بنسبة 5% /تشوه الجنين بنسبة 2.5% /تشوه الرحم5% /والولادات المتكررة السابقة وبنسبة7.5% .الاستنتاج:الولادة القيصرية السابقةوتحفيز التقلصات الرحمية العالي اهم اسباب انفجار الرحم

Keywords

Rupture uteru


Article
Blunt traumatic rupture of the diaphragm: Study of 33 cases

Authors: Haytham H. Al-Najafi هيثم النجفي --- Firas M. Al-Chalabi فراس محمود الجلبي
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2006 Volume: 32 Issue: 1&2 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective: to assess the role of clinical manifestations and radiological findings in the early recognition and diagnosis of blunt diaphragmatic rupture, with determination of the operative findings during surgical intervention.
Design: a prospective case series study.
Setting: Al-Jamhori Teaching Hospital in Mosul, during the period July 1999-June 2004.
Participants: thirty three (33) patients with blunt traumatic rupture of the diaphragm proved by surgery.
Results: three quarters of the blunt diaphragmatic rupture were caused by motor vehicle accidents, 91% of the patients had respiratory embarrassment. Only 27.2% of the patients were diagnosed by chest x-ray, the remaining 72.8% were discovered during laparotomy. The left dome of the diaphragm was ruptured in 75.8%, whereas herniation of the abdominal viscera into the chest was found in 45.8%. Concomitant intra-abdominal injury was found in 84.8% of the patients. The mortality is sharply increased when the right dome of the diaphragm is ruptured.
Conclusion: the clinical features may be masked by other chest or abdominal injuries. Chest-x ray is a reliable test to diagnose diaphragmatic rupture. The left hemi-diaphragm is more commonly injured; in addition concomitant intra- abdominal injuries are very common. A meticulous inspection of the diaphragm should be undertaken during all exploratory laparotomies for trauma.

Keywords

Traumatic --- diaphragm --- rupture


Article
Understanding the Thermal Cracking for Anthracene Molecule : A DFT Approach

Authors: Muthana A. Shanshal --- Muthana A. Shanshal
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2014 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-70
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to study the thermal cracking for anthracene molecule to estimate the bond energies for breaking the following bonds C1-C2, C1-C9a,C9-C9a, C2-C3, C1-H1,C2-H2,and C9-H9 as well as the activation energies. The activation energy values for C1-H1, C2-H2, and C9-H9 bond breakage is lower than required for C1-C2, C1-C9a, and C9-C9a. The carbon - hydrogen bond rupture depends only slightly on the position in the molecule so the values of reaction energy is close to 117 kCal/mol and unlike the carbon-carbon bonds. It seems that the characteristic planarity is important factor to acquire the molecule structure the required stability along the reaction paths. The trends in the bond energies and the configuration structures are discussed.

أستُخدمتْ حسابات نظرية دوال الكثافة (DFT) لدراسة التكسر الحراري للأواصر C1-C2 , C2-C3, C1-C9a , C9-C9a , C1-H1, C2-H2 ,C9-H9. لجزئية الانثراسين. وتمَ حساب طاقة تنشيط التفاعل (Ea) وطاقة التفاعل لمسلك التفاعل (Er) للحالة البرم الأحادية أو الثلاثية بالإضافة إلى حساب قيمٌ الشحنات الذرية المكونة للآصرة قيد الكسر، حيث أكدت ودعَمتْ حدوث كسر الآصرة عند حالة البرم الالكتروني (الأحادي أو الثلاثي ) مقابل طول الآصرة. أن قيَّم طاقات التنشيط للأواصر C1-H1, C2-H2 C9-H9 كانت أقل بالمقارنة مع قيَّم طاقات التنشيط للأواصر C1-C2 , C1-C9a, C9-C9a. أن قيَّم طاقات التفاعل للأواصر C1-H1,C2-H2 C9-H9 كانت متقاربة بحدود 117 KCal/mol مما يدُل على الاعتمادية القلية لموقع الآصرة وتشابه نواتج التفاعل. صَفة التسطح لمركبات الـ PAH'S تعدُ عاملاً مهماً لإكساب الهيئة الفراغية (للحالة الانتقالية وناتج التفاعل) الاستقرار المطلوب. وَضحتْ ونُوقشتْ الهيئات الفراغية للحالة الانتقالية ولناتج التفاعل وفق حالة البرم الأحادي أو الثلاثي.


Article
Spontaneous Rupture of Exogastric Hemangioma:Case Report
الانفجار التلقائي لورم وعائي في ظاهر المعدة :حالة نادرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Hemangiomas are benign congenital tumors of mature blood vessels and usually consist of dense masses of capillaries or larger blood vessels. Hemangiomas of the gastrointestinal tract are uncommon and account for only 0.05% of all intestinal neoplasms; gastric hemangiomas constitute less than 2% of benign gastric neoplasms.1 Gascoyen first described gastric hemangioma in 1860, and only 45 cases have been reported.1–5 Hemangioma of the stomach presenting with spontaneous rupture is rare. We describe a 41-year-old male who had rupture of abdominal hemangioma and subsequent hemoperitoneum. presented to the emergency unit of our hospital Al-Karama general hospital Al-Kut city with acute abdominal pain and distention where he was examined resuscitated, investigated , and explored for profuse hemoperitoneum and an exogastric ruptured mass were resected and submitted for histopathological examination. Which confirmed the diagnosis of hemangioma.

تعرف الاورام الوعائية الحميده بانها اورام ذات طبيعة وراثية تشمل الاوعية الدمويه الكبيره والشعرية. وهي من الندرة بمكان حيث لاتتجاوز نسبتها 0.05% فقط من جميع اورام القناة الهضمية.اما الاورام الوعائية الخاصة بالمعدة فهي نادرة جدا حيث لايتجاوز مجموع ماوثق منها45 حالة مرضية منذ وصفها عام 1860م اما التي وردت بشكل ورم وعائي منفجر تلقائيا فنحن بصدد توثيق الحالة الثانية في العالم –على حد علمنا- لرجل يبلغ الحادية والاربعين من العمرارتاد شعبة الطوارئ في مستشفى الكرامة-الكوت- شاكيا من الم البطن الحاد. حيث تم فحصه واسعافه ثم اجريت له عملية استكشاف البطن واستئصال الورم الوعائي الذي تم اثباته بالفحص النسيجي المبين ادناه.


Article
SPLEEN RUPTURE AS THE FIRST PRESENTATION OF CHRONIC PHASE CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA. CASE REPORT

Authors: Maan MA Hamid معن محمد علي حامد --- Waseem F Al Tameemi وسيم فاضل التميمي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2012 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-101
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Abstract Spleen rupture is a rare life threatening emergency that mostly occurs in pathologically enlarged spleens. Causes may include infections, congenital cyst, metabolic, degenerative and malignancy (leukemia). Several possible mechanisms have been proposed for spleen rupture in patients with hematological disorders. Most commonly, malignant cells of lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative origin infiltrate the spleen directly. Their sheer volume exceeds the capacity of the relatively non-distensible splenic capsule, causing splenic rupture and splenic hemorrhage.In this report we present a 34 years old male patient presented with an acute abdomen after 3 days from sustaining blunt hit over the abdomen. After immediate resuscitation, exploratory laporotomy had done that revealed old altered blood in the peritoneal cavity and large spleen with non-bleeding laceration in addition to hepatomegaly and dilated mesenteric veins. Evacuation of the clotted blood was done with splenectomy.Key wordMassive splenomegaly, chronic myeloid leukemia, spleen rupture


Article
Rupture of the Corpus Cavernosum: Outcome of Surgical Management
تمزق الجسم ألكهفي للقضيب: حصيلة المعالجة الجراحية

Author: Ala'a Al-Deen Al-Dabbagh د. علاء الدين الدباغ
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2009 Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 55-58
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

AbstractObjective: The aim of this study is to present our experience in the management of patients with penile fracture by immediate surgical repair. Patients & methods: A total of 14 men with fractured penis had been evaluated and treated from January 1994 to February 2003. Their age ranged from 20-35 years with a mean age of 25 years. All were managed by immediate surgical exploration with evacuation of the hematoma and repair of the lacerations.Results: Our operative and post operative plan resulted in a brief hospital stay, very few complications and good to excellent results in 12 (86 %) of cases with preservation of normal penile erection, normal marital relations and no penile deformity. Conclusion: These results compare favorably to operative management reported by most studies. Therefore, early surgical repair of the rupture is advocated. Key words: Corpora rupture, penile fracture, Treatment, Outcome.

الملخص:الغرض من الدراسة:إبداء الخبرة في علاج الحالات التي يتعرض فيها القضيب للكسر بالمعالجة الجراحية الآنية. المرضى وطرق العلاج:أجريت الدراسة على (14) مريض مصاب بكسر في قضيبه, تراوحت أعمارهم مابين (20-35 عام ) بمتوسط عمر ( 25 عام ) خلال الفترة من كانون الثاني 1994 إلى شباط 2003 تمت معالجة جميع المرضى آنيا بالتداخل الجراحي لتفريغ الورم الدموي وإصلاح التمزق الحاصل في الجسم ألكهفي للقضيب0 النتائج: أفضت هذه الدراسة إلى حصولنا على نتائج فائقة وجيدة في12( 86 %) من الحالات بتمكين المريض من الاحتفاظ بنعوض طبيعي بدون تشوه والقدرة على المعاشرة الزوجية السوية, إضافة إلى تميز خطتنا العلاجية هذه بقلة المضاعفات وقصر فترة الرقود بالمستشفى. الاستنتاج: أثبتت هذه الدراسة من خلال توافق نتائجها مع نتائج معظم الدراسات الأخرى , أن العلاج الجراحي المبكر لحالات تمزق الجسم ألكهفي للقضيب هو العلاج الأمثل.


Article
REPAIRING OF TRANSVERSELY CUTTING ACHILLES TENDONWITH AUTOGENOUSSMALL INTESTINAL SUBMUCOSAL LAYER IN DOGS
إصلاح القطع المستعرض لوتر أكيل باستخدام طبقة التحت المخاطية للأمعاء في الكلاب

Author: Alkattan L M, Mohammed F M ,Bader O A ليث محمود القطان فؤاد مؤيد محمد عمر عادل البدر
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 289-300
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The current trail designed toevaluate the effectivenessofusing small intestinalsubmucosa ( SIS ) to accelerate healing of Achilles tendon in thestray local breeddog .Ten healthy dogs of both sexeswere usedin thepresent studywhich randomly divided into two equal groups. Thefirstgroup;Achilles tendon acutetransversely transectedand sutured via cross mattress technique with silk suture materialwith supporting ofgypsona.The second groupacute transected tendon sutured andtreated with thesmall intestinal submucosal patch .All operative dogs inspected clinically,grossly as well ashistopathologically during different periods. Results obtained in the first group showed no contamination, no complicationsand there was no anatomical distortions were detectedat operative site except there is adhesion between tendon and neighboring tissues in the first group healing was uncompleted, suture material still presence up to 90 day.At treatment groupclinically animals lame and sign of mild stiffness appeared for three days, no serious complications, grossly was no adhesion detected, the submucosa subsided completely and complete healing occurs at 90 days postoperatively.Histologicallyatcontrol group 30 days post operativelyuncompleted healing, moderate fibroblast proliferation and inflammatory cells were presence, but at 90 dayspresence of dense connective at the site of operation. In treatmentgroup healing progress, autograft is mostly atrophied and organized with granulation at 90 days,hence healing completed perfectly at this period.In conclusion The repairing of acute transverse cutting of Achilles tendon was significantly accelerated with small intestinal submucosal layer which was absorbed andimproves the tissue quality render the native one .


Article
Maternal mortality at the Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil, Kurdistan: A hospital-based data 2011-2013
وفيات الأمهات في مستشفى الولادة التعليمي في أربيل ، كوردستان: بيانات مستندة إلى المستشفى 2011-2013

Authors: Rojan K. Jawad --- Ariana K. Jawad --- Mahabad S. Ali
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 1116-1122
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Maternal deaths are still leading problems in many developing countries, including Iraq. Iraq is, in fact, far away to reach the Millennium Development Goal declared to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters between 1990 and 2015. The aim of this study was to highlight the main causes of avoidable deaths that lead to maternal mortality among those admitted to Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil.Methods: This survey was carried out in the Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil city, Kurdistan region, Iraq. Variables included in this study were those related to patient’s age, number of parity and mode of delivery of the last baby. Data were collected from patient’s records. In addition, some clinical data were included related to causes leading to death and underlying condition of death. Results: Of the total 75000 live birth recorded in the hospital during the study period (2011-2013), 33 maternal deaths were recorded which gives an overall maternal mortality ratio of 44 per 100,000 live births. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia were among the top causes of maternal deaths in this study (42.4%) followed by obstetrical bleeding and rapture uterus (30.3%). Conclusion: Maternal mortality rate in Maternity Teaching Hospital was 44/100,000 total live births. The main cause of the maternal deaths was pre-eclampsia and its complications. Most of those died were residents of rural areas and were illiterate women.


Article
Theoretical Study of Thermal Cracking For Acenaphthylene Molecule
دراسة نظرية للتكسر الحراري لجزيئة الاسينفثلين

Authors: Qhatan A.Yousif قحطان عدنان يوسف --- Muthana A. Shanshal مثنى عبد الجبار شنشيل
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 3عدد خاص بموتمر الكيمياء Pages: 1071-1081
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to study the thermal cracking for acenaphthylene molecule to estimate the bond energies for breaking C8b-C5a , C5a-C5 , C5-C4 , and C5-H5 bonds as well as the activation energies. It was found that for C8b-C5a , C5-C4 , and C5-H5 reactions it is often possible to identify one pathway for bond breakage through the singlet or triplet states. The atomic charges , dipole moment and nuclear – nuclear repulsion energy supported the breakage bond .Also, it was found that the activation energy value for C5-H5 bond breakage is lower than that required for C8b-C5a , C5a-C5 , C5-C4 bonds which refer to C5-H5 bond in acenaphthylene molecule are weaker than C8b-C5a , C5a-C5 , C5-C4 bonds .It is reasonable to presume that C5-H5 bonds are broken first when a acenaphthylene molecule is exposed to thermal cracking. It seems that the characteristic planarity for the polyaromatic hydrocarbons is an important factor to acquire the molecule structure of the required stability along the reaction path . The trends in the bond energies and the configuration structures are discussed .

أستُخدمتْ حسابات نظرية دوال الكثافة (DFT) لدراسة التكسر الحراري للأواصرC8b-C5a و C5a-C5و C5-C4 وC5-H5 لجزئية الاسينفثلين. وتمَ حساب طاقة تنشيط التفاعل (Ea) وطاقة التفاعل لمسلك التفاعل (Er) لحالة البرم الأحادية ولحالة البرم الثلاثية إضافة إلى حساب قيمٌ الشحنات الذرية المكونة للآصرة قيد الكسر و كذلك عزم ثنائي القطبين و طاقة التنافر النووية ، حيث أكدت ودعَمتْ حدوث كسر الآصرة عند حالة البرم الالكتروني (الأحادي أو الثلاثي أو لكليهما ) مقابل طول الآصرة . أن قيَّمة طاقة التنشيط للآصرة C5-H5 كانت أقل بالمقارنة مع قيَّم طاقات التنشيط للأواصر C8b-C5aو C5a-C5وC5-C4 يوضح هذا أن الآصرة بين C5 وH5 تكون الأول أنكساراً في عملية التكسر الحراري بالمقارنة مع التكسر الحراري للأواصر الأخرى المدروسة .كما لوحظ أن صَفة التسطح للمركبات الهيدروكاربونية متعددة الحلقات تعدُ عاملاً مهماً لإكساب الهيئة الفراغية ( للحالة الانتقالية ولناتج التفاعل ) الاستقرار المطلوب . وَضحتْ ونُوقشتْ الهيئات الفراغية للحالة الانتقالية ولناتج التفاعل .


Article
4.PLACENTAL ALPHA-MICROGLOBULIN 1 AS A MARKER OF PRETERM PRELABOUR RUPTURE OF MEMBRANE

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background:Normal pregnancy requires that the physical integrity of the fetal membranes be maintained until term delivery.Objective:To detect preterm prelabour rupture of membrane in pregnant women with history of watery vaginal discharge by measurement of placental alpha microglobulin 1 in cervicovaginal fluid.Methods:A case-control study done at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Al-Imamein Al-Kadhimein Medical City, included 100 pregnant women attending the Outpatient Clinic with a gestational age ranging between 28-36 weeks +6 days, 50 cases with rupture of membrane (study group) and 50 cases without any complaint (control group). All women underwent sterile speculum vaginal examination then nitrazine paper used, finally placental alpha microglobulin1 level was measured by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit in vaginal washing fluid.Results:A highly significant association was found between mean of placental alpha microglobulin 1 in vaginal fluid of women with premature rupture of membrane compared to the control. The validity results of placental alpha microglobulin 1 findings regarding premature rupture of membrane include: sensitivity (100%), specificity (98.0%), +ve predictive value (98.1%), -ve predictive value (100%) and accuracy (99.0%), while for nitrazine; the sensitivity (94.0%), specificity (90.0%), +ve predictive value (90.4%), -ve predictive value (93.7%) and accuracy (92%) and for vaginal fluid sensitivity (80.0%), specificity (72.0%), +ve predictive value (74.1%), -ve predictive value (78.3%) and accuracy (76.0%).Conclusion:The placental alpha microglobulin-1 immunoassay in vaginal fluid wash found to be accurate and noninvasive test, in identifying preterm prelabour rupture of the membrane.Keywords:Placental alpha-microglobulin1, preterm prelabour rupture of membrane, prelabour rupture of membraneCitation:Seger SH, Al-Moayed HA, Abdulrasul EA, Mushatat SH. Placental alpha-microglobulin 1 as a marker of preterm prelabour rupture of membrane. Iraqi JMS. 2019; 17(3&4): 183-190. doi: 10.22578/IJMS.17.3&4.4

Listing 1 - 10 of 45 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (45)


Language

English (36)

Arabic (5)

Arabic and English (4)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (5)

2018 (2)

2017 (4)

2016 (1)

2015 (6)

More...