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Article
The Sacrifices of SA2-DU11 and SISKUR2 In A Cuneiform Text from The Era of IBBISIN
قرابينSA2-DU11و SISKUR2 في نص مسماري من عصر ابي سين

Author: .سجى مؤيد عبد اللطيف
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2016 Issue: 71 Pages: 192-211
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

There are many implications in Cuneiform texts. One of such important implications is the sacrifices of SISKUR2 which revealed to us what objects ancient Iraqi people offer to gods as sacrifices and which gods to offer sacrifices to. SISKUR2 and SA2-DU11 are some such sacrifices mentioned in cuneiform texts and are associated with gods. The present text dates back to the era of URIII descent and their last king IBBISIn by which URIII descent collapsed because of the economic weakness of the country. This text reveals many things and objects endowed under the king's name by people like URMES, the governor of IRISAGRIG in the form of sacrifices to SA2 –DU11 and SISKUR2 to gods in different occasions .This text coincides with the first year of IBBISIN era in the 11 th month from the calendar Of UR, known as Iti ezem-an-na.

نجد في النصوص المسمارية المكتوبة باللغة السومرية العديد من المضامين، واحدة من المضامين المهمة قرابين SISKUR2 التي وضحت لنا أي المواد التي كان العراقي القديم يقدمها إلى الآلهة وأي من تلك الآلهة التي يقدم لها القرابين؟ SA2-DU11 وSISKUR2 واحدة من العديد من القرابين التي وردت في النصوص المسمارية، وأحيانا تكون مرتبطة مع الآلهة، والبعض الآخر مع المصليات أو السكب الجنائزي، ولكن الشيء الذي يميز قرابين SA2-du11 عن قرابين siskur2 هو الصلاة ،لأن قرابين siskur كانت تؤدى مع الصلاة، وقرابينSA2- du11 قد ارتبطت فقط بالآلهة . وان النص الذي نقدمه للقاريء ذو صلة بعصر سلالة اور الثالثة وآخر ملوكهاibbi-sin الملك الذي انهارت سلالة اور الثالثة بعد حكمه بسبب الضعف الاقتصادي للبلاد وتوافد الاموريين بأعداد كبيرة الى المنطقة ، كل ذلك ادى سقوط السلالة. هذا النص يظهر العديد من المواد والأشياء التى منحت من لدن الملك بواسطةاشخاص مثل اورميس URMES حاكم مدينة اري ساك ركIRISAGRIG ،في شكل قرابينSA2-du11 وsiskur الى الآلهة في مناسبات مختلفة و هذا النص يصادف في السنة الأولى من عهد Ibbisin في الشهر الحادي عشر من تقويم مدينة بوزرش داكان(دريهم)، او مدينة اور المعروف ب iti ezem-an-na.


Article
Sin Versus Innocence in William Golding’s The Inheritors
الخطيئة مقابل البراءة في ويليام غولدنغ في الورثة

Author: Waleed Abid Hussein وليد عبد حسين
Journal: ADAB AL-BASRAH آداب البصرة ISSN: 18148212 Year: 2008 Issue: 46 Pages: 23-36
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة


Article
Victory Stele (Naram Sin) (Analytical study of its data technical and cultural)
مسلة النصر لـ ( نرام سين ) (دراسة تحليلية لمعطياتها الفنية والحضارية)

Author: Ghaith Habib Khalil غيث حبيب خليل
Journal: Journal Of Al-Frahedis Arts مجلة آداب الفراهيدي ISSN: 26638118 (Online) | 20749554 (Print) Year: 2012 Issue: 13 Pages: 148-184
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This study should be research and emphasis on the creative side in art and beauty of the human old Iraqi and the amount of coherence relationship and sincerity emotional between artist and subject matter and technical value of aesthetic, and between job uses art for it and express purpose, whether religious or secular. To see the level of sophistication to which Artqa old Iraqi man, through the effects discovered by prospectors, of works of art and architectural features creative ability and aesthetic high sense. Because the sense of beauty and perception is described as a humanitarian advantage of all other living things in our world and enjoy the aesthetic components subject.

تعنى هذه الدراسة بضرورة البحث والتأكيد على الجانب الإبداعي في الفن وجماله لدى الإنسان العراقي القديم ومقدار تماسك العلاقة وصدقها الشعوري بين الفنان وموضوعه الفني وقيمته الجمالية، وبين الوظيفة التي يستخدم الفن من اجلها والتعبير عن غايتها، سواء كانت دينية أو دنيوية. لكي نتعرف على مستوى التطور الذي ارتقا إليه الإنسان العراقي القديم، من خلال الآثار التي أكتشفها المنقبون، من أعمال فنية وعمرانية تمتاز بقدرة إبداعية وإحساس جمالي عالي. لأن الإحساس بالجمال وإدراكه هي صفة إنسانية يمتاز بها عن غيره من الكائنات الحية في عالمنا والتمتع بمكونات الموضوع الجمالي.


Article
Using inverse triangular and hyperbolic functions of Al-Tememe acceleration methods of first kind for improving the numerical integration results

Authors: Ali Hassan Mohammed --- Asmahan Abed Yasir
Journal: Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Computer Science and Mathematics مجلة القادسية لعلوم الحاسوب والرياضيات ISSN: 20740204 / 25213504 Year: 2019 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: Math Page 26-37
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

The main aim of this work is to introduce the acceleration methods which are called the inverse triangular acceleration methods and inverse hyperbolic acceleration methods, which are considered a series of numerated methods. In general, these methods are named as AL-Tememe’s acceleration methods of first kind discovered by (Ali Hassan Mohammed). They are very beneficial to acceleration the numerical results for definite integrations with continuous integrands which are of 2nd order main error, with respect to the accuracy and the number of the used subintervals and the speed of obtaining results. Especially, for accelerating the results which are obviously obtained by trapezoidal and midpoint methods. Moreover, these methods could be enhancing the results of numerical of the ordinary differential equations, where the main errors are of 2nd order.


Article
STUDY THE EFFECT OF MICROWAVE HEATING ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ASPHALT

Authors: Raad Yahya Faleh --- Wathiq Kareem Saleh --- Haider Salman Mohammed
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 (Part-5) Pages: 127-135
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

In this work, the effect of microwave on asphalt (heating rat, resistance to deformation and retain stability) was examined. Two different asphalt samples were used. The first, standard asphalt (A) and the second one with %2 of sulfur in bitumen (B) have been exposed to microwave. The measured temperature on the surface showed an increase up to 120 ºC in 5 minutes for sample A, while it reached to 145 ºC for sample in the second cycle of exposure to microwave in the same time. The increase rate in temperature for B samples was slightly lower. The presence of sulfur in asphalt reinforced the physical properties and the asphalt became more resistant to water and rutting for sample B after exposure to microwave radiation. Theoretically, the rise of temperature was found to be (0.64 ºC/minute) for one ton of asphalt needing microwave power energy of 1000 watt, but practically, some of this energy loss can be attributed to the conductivity and the penetration of the wave out of asphalt region. This study proved that the better incident angle reducing this loss by using the equation ɵ=sin-1(x/(1/ α)), and was found to be 28ºC and 37ºC for sample A and B respectively. The results showed the possibility of using microwave radiation in repairing the damaged roads asphalt with economic effective and green method.

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