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Center of Urban and Regional Planning for postgraduate Studies - University of Baghdad
المعايير التخطيطية لتوقيع المنشآت الرياضية في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

Authors: مصطفى عبد الجليل إبراهيم --- خنساء عبد الرحمن --- حيدر جاسم عرنوص
Journal: journal of Economics And Administrative Sciences مجلة العلوم الاقتصادية والإدارية ISSN: 2227 703X / 2518 5764 Year: 2017 Volume: 23 Issue: 96 Pages: 66-81
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Project deal with the study of the suitability of the planning standards of the select sites for sports facilities for the holy city of Karbala and the extent of convergence and divergence between these standards and points of strength and weakness in each of these standards.It was found that there was a lack of the role given to the sports as a kind of luxury does not deserve to spend money and efforts, and was then incorporated with a lot of entertainment services by planners.It turns out that there is a large inability to the provision of these facilities for this city, although there will now be directed to begin Strategic and important projects, mission and strategy, such as stadiums, youth forums and Olympic pools, which will hopefully be completed during the next two years, God willing, by the Ministry of Youth and Sports, which can be solved a large part of the problem.The study found the need to reconsider the current planning standards of the reality of the sports and youth facilities by forming a joint committee of the relevant authorities for the preparation of appropriate and balanced standards to make border between inability to provide the service, and between service no need for them in an inappropriate place, and the cost prohibitive to fit with those standards.

موضوع البحث يتناول دراسة مدى ملائمة معايير التخطيط لمواقع مختارة للمنشآت الرياضية في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة بسبب حملة الأعمار التي شهدتها المدينة في الآونة الأخيرة والتغيرات العمرانية والديموغرافية التي شهدتها, ومدى الاتفاق والاختلاف بين هذه المعايير ونقاط القوة والضعف في كل من هذه المعايير من خلال مقارنتها مع المعايير المحلية ومعايير الدول المجاورة .فقد وجد أن هناك نقصا في الدور المعطى للمنشآت الرياضية والتعامل معها كنوع من الترف لا يستحق أن تنفق الأموال والجهود، ثم تم دمجها مع الكثير من الخدمات الترفيهية من قبل المخططين.استنتج البحث من خلال الدراسة التطبيقية أن هناك عجزا كبيرا في توفير هذه المرافق لهذه المدينة، على الرغم من أن هناك الآن توجها حديثا للبدء في المشاريع الإستراتيجية والهامة والمهمة ، مثل الملاعب ومنتديات الشباب والمسابح الاولمبية، التي يؤمل أن تنجز خلال الفترة القليلة القادمة إن شاء الله، من قبل وزارة الشباب والرياضة، والتي يمكن أن تحل جزءا كبيرا من المشكلة.ووجدت الدراسة الحاجة إلى إعادة النظر في معايير التخطيط الحالية من واقع المرافق الرياضية والشبابية من خلال تشكيل لجان مشتركة من الجهات ذات العلاقة لإعداد معايير مناسبة ومتوازنة لجعل الحدود بين عدم القدرة على توفير هذه الخدمة، وبين خدمة من لا حاجة لهم في مكان غير مناسب، والتكلفة الباهظة لتتناسب مع تلك المعايير.


Article
Construction Planning Of The Holy City of Karbala For the Years (1940/ 680- 1321 H/ 61 H)
التخطيط العمراني لمدينة كربلاء المقدسة (61ه/ 1321ه- من 680م/1940م)

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Abstract

The Holy City of Karbala'a has a very important geographical location. This city grew in the cradle of civilization. Some Arabic tribes lived on this land taking the form of village making use of its fertile soil and then it began to grow. The city took its importance as the leader Kahlid bin Al- Waleed passed it in 14 H. and then Al- Emam Ali (peace be upon him) in 40 H. on his way to Sefeen. The importance of the city increased after the battle of Al-Taf. And the martyrdom of Al- Emam Al- Hussain and his brother Al-Emam Al-Abbas (peace be upon them) as they were buried in the city.

تميزت مدينة كربلاء المقدسة بموقع جغرافي مهم وقد اكتسب أهميتها منذ أقدم العصور، لأنها نشأت وتكونت على ارض وجدت بها أقدم الحضارات الإنسانية التي رفدت العالم بمختلف العلوم وكانت امتداداً لحضارة بابل، وأخذت هذه البقعة المباركة،التي سكن ارضها بعض القبائل العربية وعلى شكل تجمعات قروية بسيطة بسبب أرضها الخصبة الصالحة للزراعة، بالتوسع واحتلال مكانة مرموقة فلقد مر بها القائد خالد بن الوليد سنة 14 ه، وقد مر بها الإمام علي () سنة 40ه في سفره إلى صفين، وزادت أهميتها وأصبحت آهلة بالسكان والبيوت بعد واقعة الطف واستشهاد الإمام الحسين وأخيه الإمام العباس (عليهما السلام) حيث دفنا فيها واكتسبت أهمية بالغة ويمكننا القول ان تطور ونشأة المدينة مرتبط ارتباطا وثيقا بعمارة هذين المرقدين وان أي عمارة تطرأ على المرقدين المقدسين تترك أثرها الايجابي في المدينة.


Article
Construction Planning Of The Holy City of Karbala For the Years (1940/ 680- 1321 H/ 61 H)
التخطيط العمراني لمدينة كربلاء المقدسة (61ه/ 1321ه- من 680م/1940م)

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Abstract

The Holy City of Karbala'a has a very important geographical location. This city grew in the cradle of civilization. Some Arabic tribes lived on this land taking the form of village making use of its fertile soil and then it began to grow. The city took its importance as the leader Kahlid bin Al- Waleed passed it in 14 H. and then Al- Emam Ali (peace be upon him) in 40 H. on his way to Sefeen. The importance of the city increased after the battle of Al-Taf. And the martyrdom of Al- Emam Al- Hussain and his brother Al-Emam Al-Abbas (peace be upon them) as they were buried in the city.

تميزت مدينة كربلاء المقدسة بموقع جغرافي مهم وقد اكتسب أهميتها منذ أقدم العصور، لأنها نشأت وتكونت على ارض وجدت بها أقدم الحضارات الإنسانية التي رفدت العالم بمختلف العلوم وكانت امتداداً لحضارة بابل، وأخذت هذه البقعة المباركة،التي سكن ارضها بعض القبائل العربية وعلى شكل تجمعات قروية بسيطة بسبب أرضها الخصبة الصالحة للزراعة، بالتوسع واحتلال مكانة مرموقة فلقد مر بها القائد خالد بن الوليد سنة 14 ه، وقد مر بها الإمام علي () سنة 40ه في سفره إلى صفين، وزادت أهميتها وأصبحت آهلة بالسكان والبيوت بعد واقعة الطف واستشهاد الإمام الحسين وأخيه الإمام العباس (عليهما السلام) حيث دفنا فيها واكتسبت أهمية بالغة ويمكننا القول ان تطور ونشأة المدينة مرتبط ارتباطا وثيقا بعمارة هذين المرقدين وان أي عمارة تطرأ على المرقدين المقدسين تترك أثرها الايجابي في المدينة.


Article
Evaluation of TheTransportation plan Sustainability Plan in The Holy City of Karbala
تقييم استدامة خطة النقل في مدينة كربلاء المقدسة

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Abstract

AbstractThe research studied the sustainability concept and its activationin the process of the planning of the decision making regarding withthe transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainabletransportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicatedproblems including the problem of using the classical methods intransportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities inparticular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental,economic and social impact in preparing transportation planstogether with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainabilityof transportation plans proposals and their application in thetransportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluatethis plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make theplan become sustainable.The practical frame of the research involves the review of thetransportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala, which includes fiveproposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030, andapplying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by usingthe strategic environment assessment method through the applicationof compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable andunsustainable aspects in those proposals, and consequently reachingthe results of the evaluation which show that the transportation planof the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in themethodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainabletransportation plan preparation stages, and neglect many factorswhich have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in thelong term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation planin a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan.

الملخ

Keywords

Abstract The research studied the sustainability concept and its activation in the process of the planning of the decision making regarding with the transportation and the basic principles to prepare sustainable transportation plans for cities in order to analyze the complicated problems including the problem of using the classical methods in transportation planning in the cities in general and the sacred cities in particular. These holy cities neglected the inclusion of environmental --- economic and social impact in preparing transportation plans together with studying the methods of evaluating the sustainability of transportation plans proposals and their application in the transportation project of the holy city of Karbala in order to evaluate this plan and show its shortages and manipulate them to make the plan become sustainable. The practical frame of the research involves the review of the transportation plan of the sacred city of Karbala --- which includes five proposals of transportation planning to the target year 2030 --- and applying the stages of examining the sustainability of the plan by using the strategic environment assessment method through the application of compatibility matrix analysis and identifying the sustainable and unsustainable aspects in those proposals --- and consequently reaching the results of the evaluation which show that the transportation plan of the holy city of Karbala is suffering from many shortcoming in the methodology of the plan preparation according to the sustainable transportation plan preparation stages --- and neglect many factors which have important impacts on the sustainability of the plan in the long term and therefore it is closer to be a classical transportation plan in a sacred city than a sustainable transportation plan. --- الملخ


Article
Industrial Crafts in the Holy City of Karbala (Classical Centre):A Study in the Industrial Geography
الحرف الصناعية في كربلاء المقدسة ( المركز التقليدي ) (دراسة في الجغرافية الصناعية )

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Abstract

AbstractThis study, which dealt with the industrial crafts in theKarbala city came out with a number of results, the mostimportant of which are the following:The study clearly showed the nature of the industrialcrafts highlighting the religious and historical status of theregion where these crafts are exercised , in addition to showingthe spatial factors of the industrial crafts localization and theirgeographic distribution within the quarters and the streets ofthe researched area .The study also showed how the industrial crafts hadcontributed to the development of the economy of the regionor the territory and how they took part in the establishmentand the emergence of the income which reflected the causesof the social stability of the crafts men in the region of thestudy.The problem of the Research:1-What are the factors affecting the structure and setup ofthe distribution of the industrial crafts in the holy city of Karbala((classical center ))?2-What is the nature of the determinants and the limits whichcaused such distribution and was the region characterized bybeing specialized in producing craft goods which have someا ? relation to people

الملخ

Keywords

Abstract This study --- which dealt with the industrial crafts in the Karbala city came out with a number of results --- the most important of which are the following: The study clearly showed the nature of the industrial crafts highlighting the religious and historical status of the region where these crafts are exercised --- in addition to showing the spatial factors of the industrial crafts localization and their geographic distribution within the quarters and the streets of the researched area . The study also showed how the industrial crafts had contributed to the development of the economy of the region or the territory and how they took part in the establishment and the emergence of the income which reflected the causes of the social stability of the crafts men in the region of the study. The problem of the Research: 1-What are the factors affecting the structure and setup of the distribution of the industrial crafts in the holy city of Karbala --- classical center ? 2-What is the nature of the determinants and the limits which caused such distribution and was the region characterized by being specialized in producing craft goods which have some ا ? relation to people --- الملخص خلصت هذه الدراسة التي تناولت دراسة الحرف الصناعية في مدينة كربلاء الى العديد من النتائج ابرزها. كشف الدراسة عن واقع الحرف الصناعية وما تميزت به منطقة الدراسة من مكانة دينية وتاريخية، وكذلك معرفة العوامل المكانية لتركز الحرف الصناعية وتوزيعها الجغرافي ضمن احياء منطقة الدراسة وشوارعها كما اتضح من خلال الدراسة مساهمة الحرف الصناعية في تطوير اقتصاديات الاقليم من حيث اسهامها في تكوين الدخل الذي يعكس اسباب الاستقرار الاجتماعي لأصحاب هذه الصناعات في منطقة الدراسة.

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